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متن انگلیسی درس
In this lecture we’re going to look at seven words connected with engineering.
The Seven Words are engineering, electronic, engine, mechanical, technical, user-friendly and vehicle.
Here’s your next word and it’s engineering, engineering.
Engineering is the work involved in designing and building engines and machinery and also constructions like roads and bridges.
It’s also the field of study you must follow if you want to do this kind of work and become an engineer.
So it’s a field of study as well as the work.
For example he was involved in the engineering of spacecraft.
She graduated with a degree in electronic engineering.
This major engineering company built many famous bridges.
You often talk about civil engineering that’s when you’re building big constructions like bridges.
Mechanical Engineering, the engineering industry, engineering company.
It’s a very precise word so there are no obvious synonyms for the word engineering.
The next word is electronic, electronic.
An electronic device is controlled by electricity and via electricity passes through transistors or silicon chips, and they have no moving parts.
Apart from maybe buttons like on a phone, but the actual control of the device has no moving parts.
Some example sentences, they sell cameras, mobile phones and other electronic devices.
We will supply and install electronic equipment.
In recent years, paper-based records have been replaced by electronic systems.
Some forms for electronic.
We took by electronics.
This is an uncountable now which means the technology of using electronics.
We talk about electronics companies such as Samsung.
Some common collocations electronic equipment, electronic device, electronic faults, electronic system.
Again it’s very precise words.
So not too many synonyms but computerized and automated are similar words.
Your next word is engine, engine.
The engine of a car or the engine of a vehicle is the part of the vehicle that produces the power which makes the vehicle move.
Similarly with machines an engine of a machine produces the power that makes the machine move, that makes the machine work.
Here are some example sentences.
Diesel engines are usually more fuel efficient than petrol ones.
The aeroplane crashed because of a sudden engine failure.
The mechanic fixed the engine in just a few minutes.
So some forms for the word engines is the plural.
And an engineer is someone who works with and fixes machines.
Someone who fixes engines in a vehicle though is a mechanic so if someone who fixes an engine of a car, is a mechanic.
Some common collocations engine mechanic, diesel engine, jet engine, steam engine.
Only one obvious synonym I can think of is motor through an engine in a vehicle like a car or in a machine is known as a motor.
So there you are engine.
Here’s your next word and it’s connected with machines moving machines.
Machines that have moving parts and it’s mechanical, mechanical.
A mechanical device has moving parts and it uses power in order to do a particular task.
Note the pronunciation of the C H is the K sound so mechanical, mechanical not, not mechanical.
Some example sentences.
It is the oldest working mechanical clock in the world.
This small mechanical device will fit in your pocket.
The plane was grounded because of a mechanical fault.
So they are mechanic is an adjective form of the word.
You can also have an adverb mechanically, mechanically.
Some common collocations we talk about a mechanical device, mechanical engineer, mechanical problem, mechanical failure.
No synonyms for mechanical technical it’s similar but it’s a very precise word.
Here’s your next word.
And it is technical, technical.
Technical means it involves the sorts of machines processes and materials that are used in industry, transport and communications
so often to do with machinery.
This job requires a lot of technical expertise, technical expertise.
Many technical problems will have to be overcome.
If you need any technical assistance, give me a call.
And some common collocations technical assistance, technical knowledge, technical expertise, technical skills, also technical problem, technical fault, technical glitch ( a glitch is a minor problem a bug), and things can be highly technical.
Some synonyms for technical, mechanical, technological, high tech, and specialized.
The next word is user-friendly, user-friendly.
If something like a machine or an electronic device or a system is described as user-friendly then it’s well designed and easier to use so easy that even a baby can use it.
Some example sentences the new operating system is very user-friendly.
The organization of the library is very user-friendly.
The website has been designed to make it as user-friendly as possible.
Some collocations, user-friendly software, we talk about user-friendly systems, user-friendly feature, user-friendly technology.
It’s a very precise words they’re not so many synonyms but you can talk about accessible, easy to use, easy to understand, convenient, straightforward.
The next word is vehicle, vehicle.
This word is a very useful word to describe all types of transport that have a motor that have an engine.
And that transports people from one place to another, so a vehicle includes cars buses and trucks luries.
Here’s some example sentences.
The vehicle broke down on the journey to Washington.
The police said she was driving a stolen vehicle.
An SUV is classified as a small truck but is actually used as a family vehicle.
SUV stands for sport utility vehicle or some other also suburban utility vehicle.
The vehicle is a noun So the plural is a vehicles.
You can also have an adjective vehicular.
And some collocations motor vehicle, military vehicle, commercial vehicle, stolen vehicle.
And some synonyms for vehicle, transport.
Only one synonym for vehicle, transport.
There you are, vehicle.
So those are your seven words for engineering, so engineering, electronic engine, mechanical, technical, user-friendly, vehicle.
Don’t forget to do the practice quiz that will help you learn these words and also complete the vocabulary record.