زبانشناسیدوره: چهارصد واژه ضروری برای آیلتس / فصل 19
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In this video we’re going to look at seven words connected with linguistics.
And here are the seven words analogy.
Literal and metaphor.
So the first word is analogy.
If you make an analogy or if you draw an analogy between two things then you are saying that they are
similar in some way.
It’s a very formal word used in formal writing.
So for example the term social capital was coined by analogy with the conventional use of the word to
mean financial assets.
So there’s a connection being drawn between.
Social capital and financial assets.
You can make an analogy between the courses of the planets and two trains travelling in the same direction.
So if you want to explain to somebody the movement of the planets you can use an example of two trains
You’re making an analogy you’re making it easier for somebody to understand the movement of planets.
And you can have an analogy with something.
An analogy between two things.
And you draw an analogy.
And you can make a good analogy as well.
So analogy’s is the plural form and analogist is the adjective.
So if one thing is analogist to another they are similar.
And some synonyms.
Resemblance and parallel.
You draw a parallel between two things.
Here’s your next word nuance.
A new once is a very small difference in the sound the feeling the appearance or the meaning of something
is it very subtle very small difference.
For example these the girl on the left is giving a very subtle message to the girl on the right.
She’s whispering she’s giving a new once nuanced view a nuanced impression of something.
We can use our eyes in facial expressions to communicate.
Every subtle nuance of a motion though is so few raise your eyebrows you’re conveying surprise it’s
a subtle nuance of meaning.
If you read the Koran in translation you miss the nuances of the original language translations of texts
tend to tend to miss the nuances of the original texts.
So you can have a subtle new wants.
This is a very common collocation with the new ones.
You have a nuance of language.
You can understand the new one.
You can appreciate and you aren’t.
And some synonyms.
And the next phrase.
Of course a coin is a piece of metal which is money.
But as a verb if you coin something if you coin a phrase or if you coin a word.
Then you’re the first person to say it.
And here’s a poet for maybe hundreds of years ago in the forests writing a poem.
And she’s the she’s the first person to coin a phrase.
It’s making something up.
She coined the term virtual reality and pioneered its early development.
Simone de beauvoir first coined the phrase women’s liberation in her book The Second Sex.
So she was the first person to use to make the phrase to invent the phrase women’s liberation so she
coined a phrase you can coin a word.
And something can be coined by so a coin a phrase by coined by first coined Shakespeare.
First coined lots of different phrases in words.
And it’s a verb so.
Coining is well.
And some synonyms for coin create invent come up with.
And the next word is connotation.
The connotations of a particular word or name are the ideas or qualities which makes you think of.
Makes you think of ideas and qualities.
So for example in Norse mythology.
The Vikings hell is the realm of the dead.
But the name doesn’t carry the negative connotations which Christianity later placed on it.
So in Christianity hell is a bad place it has negative connotations.
Urchin with its connotation of mischievousness may not be a particularly apt word.
So if the word urchin usually means a kind of homeless child specially a boy who maybe steals things.
So has a connotation of mischievous sejour the words suggest something you have a deeper meaning.
You have a negative connotation of a word.
The connotation of a word connotation of a term.
And it’s a sports announcer connotations.
Negative connotations and some synonyms association meaning.
And then next what is figurative figurative.
If you use a word or an expression in a figurative sense or a figurative way.
Then you use it in a more abstract or imaginative meaning than than when it looks like.
So for example if you use the phrase I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
Doesn’t mean you’d really go in to eat or horse just means you’re really hungry.
It’s a figurative expression.
I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.
Or am I will keep an eye out for him.
Doesn’t mean you’re going to take your eye out just means you’re going to look for him.
It’s a figurative phrase.
We’re in the same boat.
Two people were in the same boat.
May mean we have the same problem.
We’re not actually in a boat.
It’s a figurative phrase.
It’s not literal.
Most poems are written in figurative language.
Makes them hard to understand.
Sometimes it’s an event that will change your life in both the literal and figurative sense.
So we talk about figurative language figurative sense figurative description figurative image.
Figure it was an adjective so you can turn it into an adverb figured civilly.
I was speaking figuratively not literally.
So figurative synonyms metaphorical descriptive.
Slightly old fashioned phrase.
Well a word though a figure of speech as well we use.
And here’s the opposite of figurative literal.
So the literal sense of a word is its most basic meaning.
You don’t really have to think too much to get the literal sense of something.
People there are fighting in a literal sense for their lives.
So a maybe there’s a war going on.
The concert ended with a bang in the most literal sense.
So there literally was a bang at the end of the concert.
A literal translation of the word is walls.
You can have a literal translation.
Literal sense literal meaning.
And the adverb literal is literally.
And some synonyms.
An Unix word metaphor.
A metaphore is a very imaginative way of describing something by talking about something L..
Something which is similar so for example if you want to say that somebody is a very shy very quiet
and frightened of things.
You might say that they are a mouse.
You’re the mouth means you’re scared of things dummy.
You’re really a mouse that means you’re similar in some ways some qualities to a mouse.
Some example sentences the way the writers use of metaphor.
It is very fitting for the topic if you want to explore music as a metaphor for society.
This book is the place to start.
He goes further extending the metaphor Beyond The Game itself to the business of the NFL.
On some common collocations a metaphore for something.
A perfect metaphor is really really good a visual metaphor or a fitting metaphor.
So a metaphore says now see the met of fours and an adjective metaphorical.
And so there are your seven words for linguistic analogy.
New Orleans cloyne connotation figurative literal and metaphor.
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