- زمان مطالعه 8 دقیقه
- سطح خیلی سخت
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
In this lecture we’re going to look at seven words connected to geography.
Here are the several words hemisphere equator long issued latitude tide.
So here’s the first word hemisphere hemisphere.
It’s one half of the earth.
One half of the earth from the Greek.
Hemmy which means half Hemmy sphere half a severe half of the world.
So for example in the southern hemisphere the height of summer is in January.
Countries in the western hemisphere are predominantly Democratic.
If you live in the far north of the Northern Hemisphere you can glimpse the northern lights so you can
see we got Southern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere northern hemisphere.
In these often don’t talk about the eastern hemisphere though for some reason.
But you can talk about the eastern hemisphere too.
Here’s the equator.
Across the Middle of the earth.
So we can say this space station orbits 22000 miles above the earth’s equator.
So our kind and straddles the equator.
In equatorial countries it is usually hot all year round.
So you can cross the equator straddle the equator.
You can be south of the equator or north of the equator.
So the adjective of equator is equatorial so equator it quid tauriel the sun.
The stress moves.
Long issued lines of long issued lines on a map that run from north to south.
The vertical lines they tell me where you are in degrees west or east of what’s called the prime meridian
or the Greenwich meridian.
Is that a long étude of 21 degrees east of Greenwich.
Determining long étude exactly has been a problem for the safety of shipping.
He measured the latitude and longitude and marked it on the Admiralty map.
So we often talk about latitude and longitude or you are long it should and or position your long had
chewed an oil position.
So the plural of long étude as long as shoes but long it should dinal is the adjective.
Long étude often is used in relation to latitude so lines of latitude are lines on a map that run from
west to east.
Horizontal lines and they they tell you how far north or south of the equator you are in degrees.
So Warsaw is at a latitude of 52 to 52 degrees north of the equator.
In the middle to high latitudes.
Rainfall has risen steadily in the last 20 to 30 years.
Vitamin D deficiency is common place at northern latitudes.
Talk about high and low latitude so a high latitude is far from the equator near the poles low latitudes
are near the equator.
You can be at a latitude of so many degrees and again latitude and longitude go together.
So latitudes next word is tied.
So the tide is the regular daily change in the level of the sea at the coast.
So here we’ve got the tide so low tide I think by the sea by the pier here.
So the island is inaccessible by foot at high tide.
The police report that exceptionally high tides have damaged local beaches and some scientists have
suggested that strong tides can cause earthquakes.
So you are going to have a high tide and a low tide and a strong tide.
And if the tide is moving from low to high it’s a rising tide.
So tide tides and the adjective is tidal Tidal.
So the E changes to in a.
Very specialized words so not so many synonyms here but you could count.
Flow and wave tidal wave.
A crater is a very large hole in the ground.
Often caused by something hitting it or by an expert by an explosion and the often fill with water.
To create lakes and this is a picture of a crater at the top of a volcano.
So you find a crater at the top of a volcano.
So for example experts calculate that a three kilometre asteroid could create a crater 60 kilometres
An ancient volcanic crater provides the perfectly shaped circle of Simpson harbour.
And the bomb gouged out a crater 10 meters across.
So you can have a volcanic crater deep crater a shallow crater and you leave a crater.
An asteroid leaves a crater.
Can not so many synonyms for crater but whole pit depression hollow.
These are all words that could be used.
And a caldera Caldera a caldera is a crater formed when a massive massive volcano collapses such as
at Yellowstone National Park.
The next word is summit summit.
The summit of a mountain or hill is the top of the mountain or a hoe or a hill.
This is the Summit of the Matterhorn.
It’s the very top.
So the first man to reach the summit of Mt. Everest was Sir Edmund Hillary.
He reached the summit at about noon.
And the expedition climbed to the Summit of the mountain.
So you have this summit of something you reach this summit you climb to the summit and you can be at
So some synonyms for Summit include top peak.
The highest point.
And the pinnacle.
So there you are seven geography words hemisphere equator long issued latitude tide crater and summit.
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