زیست شناسیدوره: چهارصد واژه ضروری برای آیلتس / فصل 15
- زمان مطالعه 13 دقیقه
- سطح خیلی سخت
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
این فصل را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی فصل
Welcome to the lecture on biology and we’re going to look in particular at biological processes in this
So here are your seven words decay.
Inhale fertilize reproduce and suppress.
So here’s the first word decay.
De k. what one something such as a dead animal or a dead plant decays it slowly destroyed or eaten up
by natural processes like insects and bacteria.
So if you have a bad tooth the tooth can decay because bacteria slowly eats away the tooth.
Similarly with fruit.
Here’s a an abandoned piece of fruit and it’s decaying in the ground so bacteria insects are going to
Here’s some example sentences.
Many insects enjoy a diet of rotting and decaying vegetation.
The difference between rotting and decaying rotting suggests maybe a bad smell as well as it’s breaking
down so there’s a bad smell with rotting decay suggest something that’s very slow.
The bodies buried in ASH started to decay.
The all theatre was left to decay.
So here you’ve got a building that’s decaying so buildings towns even economies can decay if they’re
just left never repaired never fix.
They slowly decay.
Some common collocations with decay.
You can have decaying vegetation decaying flesh.
Tooth decay and a process of decay.
So decay is a verb to decays decaying decayed decay is also a noun as well.
And some synonyms for decay.
This is particularly with bodies.
That’s useful with buildings.
So the theatre deteriorates.
Is your next word dormant.
Something that’s dormant is not active it’s not growing but it can become active later on it can start
growing again or become active later on dormant basically means sleeping.
And it comes from the Latin word Dormy.
Which means to sleep.
This girl at the moment is dormant.
When this volcano is dormant as well this is Mount Fuji in Japan.
It last erupted in 79 was 7.
And it’s dormant now.
But maybe one day it will erupt again.
So dormant dorm in fact.
If you see a word that begins with dorm it means something to do with sleeping.
So for example there were dormitory is a building where people sleep.
Here are some example sentences the dormant volcano St. Helens suddenly erupted in 1980.
The virus remains dormant in nerve tissue until activated.
The u.n. United Nations is reactivating in peace talks that have been dormant for two decades ago and
to activate the peace talk.
You can be dormant for a period of time sit dormant for 10 years dormant for two hours.
You can be in a dormant state.
You can lie dormant.
You can remain dormant.
And some synonyms for dormant.
Inactive inert latent.
And asleep of course asleep.
Exhale is your next word.
It means to breathe out so when people exhale they breathe out the air from their lungs.
This person is exhaling I think under water actually.
Exhale X means out.
So you hail out.
And for example you should Inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth.
If you want to breathe properly carbon dioxide is exhaled through your mouth.
She slowly exhale the cigarette smoke.
So you exhale through something or from something.
You can exhale slowly.
You can exhale.
And here with some different forms for exhale exhales exhaling exhaled exhalation is the process of
Some similar aims for you exhale.
Breathe out let out.
And the opposite of exhale is inhale.
So when you inhale you breathe in so you can inhale not just air but nice smells pleasant aromas fresh
These two this couple I think is by the seaside and they are inhaling some fresh air.
They’re breathing in.
Some example sentences rather.
He took a long slow breath inhaling deeply.
He was treated for the effects of inhaling smoke.
She inhaled the scent of the flowers.
So you can inhale deeply when you breathe in deeply you inhale deeply.
You can inhale slowly.
And you can inhale smoke which is not good for you.
Inhales is one of the forms inhaling inhaled.
Inhalation is the process.
And some synonyms.
Breathe in and sometimes smell or sniff as well if you if it’s connected with an aroma with a smell.
Suckin you suck in air.
Your next word is fertilize fertilize.
In a human.
In fact in any mammal.
When this female of the species gets fertilized she gets pregnant.
So when the sperm from the male joins with the female’s egg the egg becomes fertilized and then the
woman becomes or the female of the species becomes pregnant plant similarly asked voter lies but their
fertilized when pollen is transferred from the male parts of one flower to the female parts of another
So fertilize his.
Here the land on a farm is being fertilized with some chemical spray.
Often it’s to do with getting nutrients into plants as well as creating new plants.
And the word is comes with the word fertile.
So fertilizers you make something fertile.
Here So example sentences at certain varieties of plant cannot be fertilized with their own pollen.
A certain sperm count is needed in order to fertilize the egg.
And the land was fertilized for see the planting.
So you can fertilize plants the mucus you fertilize something with something else that you fertilize
eggs with sperm for example.
You can artificially fertilize.
I know you can successfully fertilize something as well.
To fertilize is a verb safwat allys is fertilizing fertilized fertilization is the process.
And some is synonyms.
Inseminate germinate specially with plants.
And pollinate with plants.
In rich in riches.
A slightly different use of the word fertilizers.
So for example with the chemical spray on a farm they were enriching the soil.
Cause the end product of fertilization is reproduce.
So when something is reproduced it’s produced again.
In biology it refers to the production of new animals and new plants animal and plant reproduction.
And in this picture you can see lots of pollen from flowers.
Which is all used in plant reproduction.
So reproduce and the RE There you produce again.
It basically means produce again.
We are reproducing ourselves at an excessive rate.
Genes a copy then swapped during sexual reproduction.
In this society women are defined by their ability to reproduce at least in some societies anyway.
Some common collocations.
Animals and plants reproduce.
You can reproduce a species.
So it’s a verb so reproduces reproducing before juiced and reproduction is the noun.
The process of reproducing something.
Some some thems for reproduce breed.
Animals when they reproduce they breed.
People don’t breed.
Clone is a more a more modern scientific technique for reproject for reproduction.
And here’s the next word suppress suppress.
If a natural function of your body is suppressed then it stopped so for example by a.
With drugs or illness it stopped.
So if your if your liver function is suppressed it doesn’t work so well sometimes it stops.
So for example the growth of cancerous cells can be suppressed through radiation.
There is evidence that you velayat can suppress the immune system.
And a doctor must learn to suppress his feelings.
So you can suppress the immune system suppress the appetite.
You don’t want to eat so much.
Treatment sometimes suppresses.
The functions of your body and drugs suppress things drugs can suppress the growth of cancer cells.
So suppress suppresses suppressing suppressed suppression suppression.
Is in a form so some synonyms stop.
So there are your seven biology words decay dormant.
Inhale fertilize reproduce and suppress.
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