خصوصیات منفی

دوره: چهارصد واژه ضروری برای آیلتس / فصل 24

خصوصیات منفی

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In this video we’re going to be looking at words connected with negative qualities.

And here are the seven words abnormal.

Adverse deficient.

Deprived.

Negligent shortcoming volatile.

And the first word is abnormal.

Abnormal.

Someone or something that is abnormal is unusual especially in a way that is worrying for other people.

Basically abnormal means not normal but in a kind of slightly worrying way so abnormal heart rhythms

should be checked by a doctor.

It’s not normal.

And it’s worrying as well.

Nothing abnormal was detected.

The child had an abnormal fear of strangers.

So you can have abnormal bleeding.

Abnormal behaviour.

These are common collocations abnormal heart beat up normal cells.

And you can have also a noun abnormality.

So you have abnormal abnormal abnormality.

So some synonyms aberrant deviant irregular.

Unusual.

Strange odd.

And the next word is adverse adverse.

So adverse decisions.

Conditions or effects are unfavourable to you.

They’re bad for you.

They don’t help you v.n. negative.

So here was some adverse weather.

Very difficult to drive in this weather.

Here’s some example sentences a high dosage of vitamins may lead to adverse side effects.

Despite the adverse conditions the bridge was finished in just eight months.

Because of the adverse weather they had to abandon the football match.

Some common collocations adverse conditions.

Adverse weather adverse publicity.

Adverse affect.

An adverse is an adjective you can turn it into a noun with adversity and into an adverb adversely.

And some synonyms for adverse negative.

Unfavourable.

Disadvantageous.

Disadvantageous.

Deficient.

There’s your next word deficient.

If someone or something is deficient in a particular thing they do not have the full amount that they

need of it in order to function properly.

Or to work properly.

So this man is deficient in sleep.

Doesn’t have enough.

He hasn’t had enough sleep to keep on working properly.

You could also be deficient in vitamins so a poor diet is deficient in vitamins and minerals.

The proposal was deficient in several ways.

Sleep deficiency.

Can have serious health consequences so here you have the noun form.

Can be deficient in something deficient in an area seriously deficient.

If it’s really bad.

You can be morally deficient.

So deficient deficiency is the noun.

And some synonyms for deficient.

Inadequate.

Lacking.

Insufficient.

Weak.

Faulty.

And impaired.

So the last three synonyms relate to the use of deficient in for example machinery.

When something is not good enough for its purpose so the machinery is faulty or it’s impaired.

Deprived.

Deprived is the next word deprived people or people from deprived areas do not have the things that

people consider to be essential in life.

For example you might have people living in an area of poor housing or high unemployment so it a deprived

area.

Deprived.

So it’s sort of de privileged.

Privy from privilege to somebody who is deprived He is also underprivileged or deep privileged.

So if there is by the way no word it d privilege we say underprivileged.

If you’re deprived so deprived and underprivileged.

And some example sentences they are among the most seriously deprived children in the country.

There are many problems associated with life in deprived inner city areas.

Problems like crime housing problems in this deprived neighbourhood he was one of the few young men

with a job.

So we often the common collocation we often talk about deprived area deprived neighbourhood deprived

childhood deprived upbringing.

So deprived and deprivation is the noun form.

So deprived underprivileged.

Destitute if things are really bad if you’re completely poor have no money poor impoverished.

The next word is negligent negligent.

If someone were usually in a position of responsibility is negligent.

Then they don’t do something they haven’t done something that they should do.

So this driver here she is being negligent.

She’s not looking at the road she’s not looking at the children crossing the road she’s texting instead

or reading her text.

She’s she’s a negligent driver.

Here’s some more examples.

The jury determined that the airline was negligent in training the crew.

The council had acted in a negligent manner.

The claims were made against an negligent third party for personal injury.

So you can be negligent in something.

You can commit a negligent act.

You can be criminally negligent grossly negligent.

So that’s if you’re negligent in in a very big way.

You are grossly negligent.

And the noun of negligent is negligence.

Some synonyms neglectful.

Careless.

The Miss.

Short coming is the next words short coming.

Someone or something short comings of the faults or weaknesses which they have.

This bridge has some serious shortcomings.

Here’s some more examples.

Marriages usually break down as a result of the shortcomings of both partners.

His book is entertaining but it has its shortcomings.

It’s not perfect.

Manchester United’s defence displayed some serious shortcomings.

So you can have a shortcoming of something you can highlight a shortcoming you can have serious shortcoming.

Glaring shortcoming staring at you is such so bad.

So shortcomings is the plural.

And some similar memes.

Failing.

Weakness.

Defect.

Floor.

Imperfection.

And deficiency.

And your final word is volatile.

Volatile.

So a situation that is volatile.

Is likely to change very suddenly and unexpectedly often for the worse.

If a situation is volatile things can get really bad really quickly and unexpectedly.

Stock markets for example can often be very volatile share prices go up and then suddenly they go down.

Everyone has a shock they are volatile prices.

There have been riots.

Before and the situation is volatile.

The international oil markets have been highly volatile since the early 1970s.

Armed soldiers guard the streets in this volatile atmosphere.

So you can have a volatile market volatile atmosphere things can be highly volatile increasingly volatile.

And the noun form.

Volatile is volatility.

Volatility is so volatile while volatility.

Some synonyms for volatile unstable unpredictable.

Unsettled.

Fickle fickle is often something new.

Have for people.

People can be very fickle if they change their minds if they change their opinions very quickly and

suddenly.

Erratic.

So now are your seven words for negative qualities for talking about negative things.

Abnormal adverse deficient deprived negligent shortcoming and volatile.

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