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So in this lecture we’re going to look at education words seven educational words and they are curriculum, syllabus, scholar, literate, vocational, apprentice and pedagogy.
So your first word is curriculum, curriculum.
A curriculum is everything that is studied in a school or a college or university and also in a school system such as a school system within a country or the state.
Governments in many countries write out the curriculum that schools must follow and they call this the national curriculum or the state curriculum.
here’s the word curriculum again, the start of the word curr is actually a Latin word or part of a Latin word which means course.
And here are some example sentences.
There should be a broader curriculum in place for students aged 16 to 18, to that means a wider curriculum.
Russian is the one compulsory foreign language on the school curriculum.
The curriculum was meagre, the teaching poor and discipline cruel
Sounds like a lovely school.
And some collocations with curriculum, curriculum reform.
So when you want to change the curriculum, school curriculum, national curriculum and here’s that phrase to broaden to widen the curriculum.
Curriculums is one of the forms of the plural but technically because it’s a Latin word curriculum.
The plural is curricula, so you will see both curricula and curriculums being used for the plural.
And some synonyms for curriculum, educational Program, syllabus.
And that’s it.
And in fact our next word is syllabus.
There is a slight difference between curriculum and syllabus.
A syllabus is really the things taught in a particular subject or a particular course, so is often used to talk about the content you learn for an exam.
Although the the terms curriculum and syllabus are often used interchangeably curriculum in syllabus are really slightly different.
A curriculum is bigger, broader than a syllabus so a curriculum might contain lots of syllabuses or syllabi.
Here are some uses of the word syllabus.
The GCSE History syllabus is very extensive.
The GCSE is a course in British schools for 14 to 16 year old.
The teacher will follow the syllabus outlined in the coursebook.
The course syllabus outlines everything you need to know for the IELTS exam.
Some typical collocations you teach a syllabus, follow a syllabus.
Then you have subjects syllabuses or syllabi, like the maths syllabus or the science syllabus,
So you see here the last two examples, we talk about a syllabus for a subject like maths or science or history.
But in the previous section the previous word curriculum we had school curriculum in national curriculum.
There’s the difference.
You can use a bit like curriculum syllabuses is one of the plurals, but technically because it’s another Latin word the plural is syllabi so you will see syllabi and syllabuses used.
They’re both correct.
Some, some synonyms for a syllabus.
Like I said before curriculum, not quite, not exactly the same but they were often used as if they were the same, program of study and course outline are closer synonyms for syllabus.
Next word scholar.
Now a scholar is someone who studies an academic subject.
It used to be used in Britain to refer to school aged students.
But today we certainly in Britain we normally now use the word pupil or student but they can be used to mean the same thing, especially in nasty reading questions.
Now these people are scholars.
They’ve been studying at university and you can see the word school or almost you can almost see the word school in the word scholar.
Here are some example sentences.
The library attracts thousands of scholars and researchers.
He is an influential Islamic scholar.
Classical Athens was famous for its great scholars, Plato and Socrates.
And some typical collocations an influential scholar, a leading scholar.
and a verb here, scholars study, they study things and we talk about also scholarly work, scholarly is an adjective from the word scholar, scholarly works, scholarly research.
Well scholars is the plural of the noun and scholarly is the adjective.
Some synonyms, student and pupil are the ones most commonly used today researcher.
Sometimes words like expert or academic or even specialist.
Your next word is literate, literate.
Someone who is literate can read and write, but it’s often used more generally to refer to a well educated person, a literate person.
Here’s a girl she can read, she can write she is literate.
And at the start of the word liter.
This actully suggests someone who is well educated is somebody who is a learned and it’s often used with books as we’ll see later.
But you can see words like literature.
Some example sentences well, 25 percent of the adult population are not fully literate.
A literate population is vital for economic growth.
He did not become literate until he was an adult.
So you couldn’t read and write until he was an adult.
Typical collocations a literate population, highly literate.
But the obvious that is barely literate barely So we don’t have much literacy, you are barely literate.
Financially literate, this one suggests expertise in a particular area.
So if you’re well educated, if you’re an expert in finance and financial matters, you’re financially literate.
You could also be scientifically literate.
And from the word literate comes the word literacy.
So literate is an adjective.
Literacy is a noun, we talk also about a literacy rate in countries.
You can have the word literature just of course is another noun refering to book.
And the opposite of literate is illiterate, illiterate.
Some synonyms for literate, the first one is actually pronounced, you might think it’s pronounced learned, but that’s how we pronounce the verb.
When it’s used as an adjective we say learned, learned.
You actually pronounce the e d ending completely, which is quite unusual in English, learned.
A learned person is very literate.
Educated, cultured, knowledgeable, well-informed and a more unusual synonym is this one lettered, a lettered person.
That kind of means are very well educated person, who is has lots of qualifications.
They have lots of letters after their name but it often is used as well, occasionally used to denote had an educated person.
Your next word is vocational, vocational.
Vocational skills, are skills needed to do a particular job, a specialized job.
Vocational training, is training to do a particular job such as engineering or building.
It’s often used to talk about skills and training to do jobs with your hands but it’s also used more widely to talk about jobs that have particular skills, so it can apply to doctors for example but not always the context, in which the word vocational is used can change.
Here are some example sentences.
This course is designed to provide vocational training in engineering.
Vocational courses are more likely to receive funding than arts course.
At the age of 18 I started attending vocational college.
So we took about vocational training, vocational skills, vocational qualifications, and vocational course.
Some synonyms for vocational, specialized,hands-on possibly hands-on qualifications, vocational qualifications for people that do work with their hands.
And the word professional sometimes professional like I said before with doctors can mean the same thing as vocational but sometimes they actually used to mean completely different types of qualification.
So there you might have a professional qualification for a doctor, but a vocational qualification from a builder.
Your next what is apprentice, apprentice.
An apprentice is someone who is learning a particular job or profession with the help of a more experienced worke,r an expert an expert at that particular job.
So an apprentice often learns how to do a job, by doing the job alongside next to the experienced worker, the expert.
You may have heard of a TV program in Britain also the United States and other countries called The Apprentice.
And in the Apprentice TV program, lots of young people try to become successful entrepreneurs.
And in the centre of that group, are the three experts, that the three successful entrepreneurs and all the apprentices want to learn some skills for becoming an entrepreneur from those three experts.
Some example sentences.
She’s an apprentice to an experienced engineer.
The government is planning to fund more apprenticeship.
He started work as an apprentice for Rolls Royce.
And some collocations apprentice to. young apprentice, become an apprentice, work as an apprentice.
And there’s the plural of apprentices.
But you can also use the word apprentice as a verb.
And also as an adjective.
So we talk about being apprenticed to, I was apprenticed to.
And some synonyms for apprentice, pupil is a more old fashioned word, or novice, we talk about a novice and an expert sometimes.
And your final word is pedagogy, pedagogy.
Some people pronounce it pedagogy both are correct, according to my dictionary pedagogy, pedagogy.
But the Jesus pronounced differently, the first G is hard, the second G is soft j.
The prefix pad means child.
This actually comes from a Greek word pedagogy.
A Pedagogue in ancient Greece was someone who taught boys the skills of reading and writing and thinking.
Our pedagogy emphasizes student-centred learning.
Our pedagogical approach emphasizes student-centred learning.
So there you have the word pedagogy used slightly differently.
Basically means a teaching approach, how you approach your teaching in a school or university.
So you can talk about a school pedagogy, educational pedagogy, pedagogical approach, pedagogical methods.
Well about your teaching approach or teaching method.
And the plural of pedagogy is pedagogies, pedagogies and the adjective as well, you’ve seen in those examples sentences pedagogical.
Some synonyms for pedagogy, teaching methods, teaching approach, educational technique.
So there are your 7 education words, curriculum, syllabus, scholar, literate, vocational, apprentice and pedagogy.
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