تجارت مالی

دوره: چهارصد واژه ضروری برای آیلتس / فصل: تجارت / درس 3

تجارت مالی

توضیح مختصر

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In this lecture we’re going to look at seven words connected to business finance business money and

the seven words are gross net liquidate quarter return tariff quota.

The first word is gross.

Gross.

The word gross.

When talking about money means total the whole amount so there’s a picture of an apple.

It’s a whole apple sort.

GROSS means whole.

For example Apple of course did a gross profit the last year of eighty eight billion dollars.

So this is before they had to pay out of things like tax.

So the total profit was 88 billion dollars.

This bank this bank account offers a gross interest rate of three point four percent.

So in other words before tax.

She earned two hundred thirty six thousand dollars Gross last year.

So gross here is being used as an adverb.

She earned gret she earned a gross amount she earned gross.

Titanic grossed 28 million dollars in its opening weekend.

To hear it’s being used as a verb.

So again before they paid out tax.

The amount that Titanic made was 28 million dollars it’s the gross amount.

So gross.

As I said before it can be used as a verb.

Grosses grossing.

Grossed.

But normally it’s used as a noun or an adjective.

So we talk about gross profits.

Gross income gross interest and who it’s used as a verb.

The movie grossed.

And some synonyms total whole entire.

And also pre-tax.

Pre tax before tax.

So gross the total amount of something before anything before taxes had been taken away.

The next word is net net.

So a net amount as opposed to a gross amount a net amount is one which remains when everything that

should be taken away such as tax has been taken away.

So it contrasts with growth.

We talk about gross profit before tax net profit after tax.

For example last year we saw an increase in our net profit.

So a net profit is what remains after taxes and expensive expenses have been subtracted.

Net incomes are expected to rise next year after tax after tax incomes.

So this is how much people earn after they’ve paid tax.

Profits are just over fifty thousand dollars net.

So here net is being used as an adverb.

Talk about net income net profit net gain and net of something.

Some synonyms.

Final remaining eventual But these are not close synonyms.

NET is quite a precise word.

Net.

The next word is liquidate.

Liquidate if you liquidate a company then you close it down.

You finished the company and you sell all of his assets usually because the company is in debt and it

needs to pay off the debt so you liquidate the company you sell you sell off its assets and it comes

from liquid when you turn assets buildings machinery if you liquidate it you can have it turning it

into money.

Liquid cash.

Some example sentences a unanimous vote was taken to liquidate the company so to close the company.

The Corps has appointed a receiver to liquidate the company.

So a receiver is someone who does the liquidating.

The company closed down operations and began liquidating its assets to start to sell off its assets

for money.

Liquidate is a verb so liquidates liquidating liquidated the process.

The noun is liquidation.

Liquidation.

So liquidation is the process of liquidating a company.

Some common collocations you liquidate a company you liquidate assets you turn assets into money.

And we talk about voluntary liquidation.

So when a company wants to it decides itself to close down its involuntary liquidation but sometimes

companies are told by a judge by a court that they must close down and thats a compulsory liquidation.

Some synonyms sell off or sell up pay off.

You either liquidate.

The next word is quarter.

Quarter.

Now in business terms a quarter is a fixed period of time three months a quarter of a year three months.

Companies often divide their financial year into four quarters into four periods of three months.

Quarter.

Some example sentences the company’s third quarter results will be published tomorrow.

The company performed better than expected in the current financial quarter.

It makes no difference whether the dividends are paid quarterly or annually.

So here quarterly is an adverb the adverb form of quarter.

Quarterly.

And some common collocations the first quarter or so of course the second the third the fourth quarter

the previous quarter the current quarter and as an adverb we can talk about quarterly profits.

No synonyms really it just simply means three months.

Quarter.

The next word is return return.

A return on an investment is the profits you get from that investment.

For example profits have improved.

But the return on our investments remains low.

Higher returns on an investment usually mean higher risk.

The company showed lower overturns this year.

It’s a noun So the plouff is returns.

And some common collocations we expect to return on our investments.

We maximize our return.

We can talk about a higher return or a lower return and annual return.

So the annual amount we get back on our investments is the annual return some synonyms profit earnings

so profit profit on an investment.

Earnings on investment income yield.

And revenue.

Revenue.

So return.

The next word.

And in fact the next two words are connected with trade.

And the first of the words is tariff tariff.

A tariff is a tax that a government collects on goods and sometimes services that come into a country.

So for example Canada wants to eliminate tariffs on agricultural goods so agricultural goods coming

into Canada.

Canada wants to remove those taxes on goods coming into Canada.

Protectionist policies lead to a rise in tariffs.

So if you increase tariffs.

You’re protecting your country from imports.

The WTO has been successful in the juicing tariffs globally.

So tariff is a noun to talk about tariffs a tariff on goods tariff on imports.

If they go up the tariffs go up we talk about tariff increase or a tariff reduction and some common

synonyms for tariff.

Tax duty duty is a very common synonym for tariff.

Levy.

Exercise.

Exercise.

And charge.

Tariff.

The next word is quota.

Quota.

A quota is a limited number.

A limited amount of something which is officially allowed in to a country.

So we conducted a quota of Meet the court quota of electronic goods and quotas are often used in trade

agreements between countries.

For example South Korea now imposes quotas on beef imports to protect its weak farm industry.

South Korea says that only a certain amount of beef can come into South Korea.

The quota of four tickets per person had been reduced to two.

The new law will force employers to adopt a quota system when the quit when recruiting workers.

Quotas announced quotas.

And we talk about a quota system you impose a quota.

You can have a quota on imports.

If you’re specifying the amount you see a quota of 10 tons 10 tons of meat for example and some synonyms

allowance allocation but quota is quite a precise noun.

Quoter.

So there are your seven words for business finance gross net liquidate quarter return tariff quota.

So can you remember these words.

So have a go at the practice quiz and vocabulary record to help you remember those seven words.

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