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In this lecture we’re going to look at words and phrases connected to social issues.

And here are the seven words and phrases civil rights secular ethics feminism humanitarian refugee catastrophe.

So here’s the first of them.

Civil rights civil rights are the rights that people have in a society for example to be equal to be

treated equally in the law.

The guard less of your gender or your race or your religion to do with equal opportunities.

Martin Luther King was a famous civil rights activist from the 1960s in America and here as a civil

rights march with Dr. Martin Luther King in America.

Civil rights.

The word several means or people civilians in a country.

So for example they introduced new laws guaranteeing civil rights.

The police were accused of violating her civil rights.

Martin Luther King led the campaign for civil rights in the southern states.

We often talk about civil rights abuse or abuses civil rights violation.

I read grant civil rights to people or we promote civil rights.

The next word is secular.

Secular.

So you use the word secular to describe things that have no connection with religion.

So it’s something that’s non religious that is not religious secular.

So for example he spoke about preserving the country as a secular state.

There was a need for greater secular education.

Turkey is one of the most successful secular states of the Middle East.

So it’s ruled by an elected president and prime minister not by a religious leader.

So we had togba a secular state secular society secular authority and increasingly secular.

So the West Western countries in Europe are in increasingly secular.

We talk about secularism as well.

Secularism is the idea that secular ideas are good that a secular country should be promoted.

Secular we can is quite a specialized word but several worldly non-religious are quite close.

Temple is a fairly old fashioned word for non religious.

Lay.

And material.

You focus on material things rather than spiritual things.

Ethics ethics ethics are moral beliefs and rules about right and wrong what’s right what’s wrong it’s

to do with philosophy.

So for example its members are bound by a rigid code of ethics.

Doctors claim that such an action was a violation of medical ethics.

And corporate ethics have reached a low point.

They focus on the bad things.

So we can talk about the ethics of something medical ethics work ethics and ethics committee ethics

committees look at right and wrong and things that have gone wrong bad deeds.

Ethics and we talk about ethical things ethical.

Is the adjective.

Some synonyms for ethics morals right and wrong beliefs principles possibly values as well.

Feminism.

Feminism.

Feminism is the belief that and aimed that women should have the same rights power and opportunity as

men.

Syria should be treated equal.

Feminism has still to change the lives of the majority of women.

She was a champion of radical feminism radical feminism proponents of feminism have challenged traditional

gender roles.

Some common collocations radical feminism.

That somebody who believes very strongly in feminism making doing things like giving positive discrimination

for women.

Feminism challenges something feminism challenges stereotypes.

Feminism teaches things feminism influences things.

Very specialized word but you can talk about women’s liberation women’s lib women’s lib was the name

given to the feminist movement in the 1960s 1970s.

Humanitarian.

Few manage tarian.

Humanitarian ideas or behaviour.

It’s about trying to help people who are suffering in some way.

So here’s some humanitarian relief.

Some food being distributed to people who need help.

And of course it’s to do with humans to do with people thinking about humans caring for the human race.

So for example the air bombing campaign was criticized on humanitarian grounds so it hurt people.

The u.n. and Red Crescent orchestrated humanitarian aid.

Philanthropists and humanitarians had the Australian honours list issued today.

A philanthropist is usually somebody with lots of money who gives it away to help people for humanitarian

causes.

We can have humanitarian relief humanitarian aid humanitarian grounds.

Humanitarian crisis.

So we’re going to have very specialized word but some similar words charitable.

Altruistic.

Humane.

Philanthropic.

Benevolent benevolent and public spirited.

Often we need humanitarian relief for refugees.

Refugees.

So a refugee is somebody who’s had to flee danger who’s had to flee war had to leave their homes because

it was too dangerous there wasn’t enough food or maybe there was war taking place or a bad government.

People have been forced to leave their homes.

Refugee refugees.

So refugee is somebody who wants refuge.

A refuge is a safe place away from any danger.

For example about a hundred refugees have escaped from a detention camp.

Thousands of refugees crossed Europe after the war.

The refugee crisis has dominated TV coverage.

If I’m talking about talk about resettling refugees refugee camp.

Help Refugees and your refugee from something maybe a country refugee from Syria or maybe a refugee

from the war or from famine.

Refugee refugees used to be called displaced people or displaced persons.

After the Second World War we saw in texts newspapers lots of people talking about displaced people.

Migrant is similar to refugee emigre.

Immigrant asylum seeker and asylum seeker is somebody who goes through a formal process.

Catastrophe.

Catastrophe a catastrophe is an unexpected event that causes great suffering or damage.

So here’s a picture of a the aftermath of an earthquake in San Francisco.

In nineteen hundred and six it was a catastrophe.

War between the two countries would be a catastrophe.

The world is facing an environmental catastrophe.

The hurricane had a catastrophic impact on the economy of the coasts.

Though it’s an adjective catastrophic catastrophe catastrophic.

You can have a major catastrophe an environmental catastrophe.

We often want to avert a catastrophe and things can have catastrophic consequences too.

So here’s catastrophe again catastrophes and catastrophic catastrophic.

The a..

Some synonyms for catastrophe disaster calamity devastation.

Kataklysm.

Tragedy.

Tragedy.

So though your seven words for social issues civil rights secular ethics feminism humanitarian refugee

and catastrophe.

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