- زمان مطالعه 9 دقیقه
- سطح خیلی سخت
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
این درس را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی درس
So in this lecture we’re going to look at some words connected with law here with the seven words.
Advocate abide by enforce invoke jurisdiction litigate prosecute.
So here’s the first word.
If you’ve seen the lecture on political beliefs we came across this word as a verb which was advocate.
But in law we use this as a noun advocate advocate.
So an advocate is someone who recommends something publicly and is in courts of law as a professional
person who supports or defends somebody an advocate.
Comes from the Latin in the middle of the word is Rock which is the Latin word for voice.
So an advocate uses his or her voice to push a cause.
So he was a strong advocate for free speech.
He worked as an advocate in the criminal court.
He was a leading advocate for women’s rights.
So here it legal and a source of political uses too.
So you can be a strong advocate a leading advocate you can.
Be an advocate for and an advocate of something.
So some synonyms for advocate lawyer attorney solicitor defender and in the political sphere campaigner
Your next one is abide by.
Abide by if you abide by a law or an agreement or in a divorce or a decision you do what it says.
You do what it says you should do.
Even if you don’t agree even if you don’t agree with the idea you still abide by it you follow it you
must abide by school rules the police make sure that people abide by the law.
Employee’s must abide by the terms of their employment contract.
So you abide by a decision you abide by a law you abide by an agreement you abide by the rules.
In some synonyms.
Except tolerate acknowledge consent defer you defer to the laws.
Your next word is enforce enforce.
If people in authority enforce a law or a rule they make sure it’s obeyed by people usually by punishing
them if they break the law.
So the policewoman Here she is enforcing the law.
So you put into force.
For example until now the government has only enforced the ban on American ship.
The measures are being enforced by the army.
A strict monetary policy was in force.
And you enforced by you enforce the law the police enforce the law and you strictly enforce thing.
So in force in forces it’s a verb enforcing enforced.
And also the noun is enforcement.
So law enforcement is the job of the police.
And some synonyms for enforce apply invoke.
Carry out impose.
Implement and accomplish.
The next one is invoke.
So if you invoke a law you make use of it.
You take an action because the law allows you to do it.
Again in the middle of the word is rock.
The Latin for voice.
The spelling changes a little bit no becomes a k. not a C.
So the judge invoked an international law that protects refugees.
The NATO’s ambassador invoked the mutual defence clause and the president invoked the power given him
by the Constitution.
So you can invoke a law a rule you can invoke the constitution.
And it’s a verb so invokes invoking.
Some synonyms for invoke resort to apply.
Enforce you so you use a law.
Jurisdiction is your next word a jurisdiction is the power that a court of law or they judge has to
Often it’s a jurisdiction over an area.
So the FBI has no jurisdiction in Europe.
British police have no jurisdiction over foreign bank accounts.
And the crime took place within the jurisdiction of the band of the Bangkok court of law.
So we often talk about within the jurisdiction.
Outside the jurisdiction you have jurisdiction.
And you can have jurisdiction over.
Something or someone somewhere.
So some send them.
Jurisdiction’s a very specialized word but you can have.
Area of authority administration.
District power authority territory.
Here’s the next word litigate litigate.
This means to take legal action.
To take legal action you litigate.
And the cost of litigating personal injury claims is becoming more expensive.
The chance of similar cases being litigated in India seems unlikely.
The settlement ends more than four years of litigation between the two companies.
The little word litigation is very common in legal English.
You litigate a case.
Litigate a claim litigate an issue and litigate a matter.
It’s a verb.
So these are the verb forms.
And some synonyms for litigate prosecute and Sue drag into court.
And the next word is prosecute.
Prosecute if an authority like a court of law prosecute someone they charge them with a crime and they
put them on trial in a court.
So for example the police have decided not to prosecute because of a lack of evidence.
Photographs taken by roadside cameras are enough to prosecute motorists for speeding.
He is being prosecuted for a string of offences.
You can prosecutor criminal prosecutors suspect prosecute someone for doing something.
And you can successfully prosecute as well.
And it’s a verb so you can have prosecutes.
And the noun form is prosecution.
Getting it it’s quite a specialized word but some synonyms arain indict indict litigate try and sue.
So there are your seven Law words advocate abide by in force invoke jurisdiction litigate prosecute.
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