Verbs, verbs, verbs

دوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 42

لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه

60 اپیزود

Verbs, verbs, verbs

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In this programme we look at the difficult subject of irregular verbs verbs that dont behave normally. Unfortunately, not all verbs take -ed in the past and perfect tenses. For example, look at what happens to the verb choose in the past simple and present perfect

  • زمان مطالعه 5 دقیقه
  • سطح سخت

دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»

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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»

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متن انگلیسی اپیزود

Catherine
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Catherine.

Finn
And I’m Finn. Actually Catherine, sorry I’m late.

Catherine
You should be.

Finn
It’s taken me forever to get here!

Catherine
I know.

Finn The bus took hours.

Catherine Oh did it really, Finn? But you usually take the train.

Finn I missed it today.

Catherine OK, no problem. Because actually, Finn, you’ve introduced today’s topic with the words: take, took, taken …

Finn Ah yes, irregular verbs.

Catherine That’s right. We’re going to look at three different groups of irregular verbs. So, let’s start by listening to Mike and Neil’s conversation. And poor Mike can’t find his phone.

Finn Oh no. While you listen, think about this question: How many times has Abdullah rung?

INSERT Mike Have you seen my phone, Neil?

Neil Well, I haven’t taken it.

Mike I didn’t say you ‘took’ it. I just said ‘Have you seen it?’

Neil I saw it on your desk this morning.

Mike I can’t see it here! I’ve got to ring Abdullah. He rang again today. He ‘s rung me five times this week…

Neil I’ll ring it for you - I’ll just get my phone… out… of… my pocket… Oh, this is your phone! You put it on my desk by mistake… So, where have I put my phone? I always put it in my pocket…

Catherine
So we asked you: How many times has Abdullah rung this week?

Finn
And the answer is: five. He’s rung five times this week.

Catherine Ring… rang… rung . So, the past simple of ring is rang , and the past participle is rung .

Finn There are several irregular verbs like ring , with different forms for the base verb, past simple and past participle.

Catherine The verb take , for example, which we had earlier. Listen out for it in this clip.

INSERT CLIP 1 Neil Well, I haven’t taken it.

Mike I didn’t say you ‘took’ it. I just said ‘Have you seen it?’

Neil I saw it on your desk this morning.

Mike I can’t see it here!

Finn So the verb take changes to took in the past simple…

Catherine …and taken in the past participle.

Finn We also heard see, saw and seen.

Catherine …three different forms again. See is the main verb, saw is the past simple…

Finn …and seen is the past participle.

Catherine Other verbs that follow this pattern are write, wrote, written …

Finn … break, broke, broken …

Catherine … speak, spoke, spoken …

Finn …and choose, chose, chosen .

Catherine Good. Now, in the clip we also heard say and said. The verb say belongs to a different group of irregular verbs.

Finn Yes, verbs in this group have just two different forms. For example, with say, said, said, the past simple and the past participle are the same.

Catherine Other verbs in this second group are:

Finn Tell, told, told; have , had , had; lose , lost , lost …

Catherine … meet, met, met; find, found, found .

Finn Very good. Now, in the third group of irregular verbs we are looking at today, all three forms are the same.

Catherine Listen to this clip and see if you can spot an example.

INSERT
Neil
Oh, this is your phone. You put it on my desk by mistake… So, where have I put my phone? I always put it in my pocket…

Finn So, we had put, put, put - all three forms are exactly the same.

Catherine Other verbs in this group include cut, cut, cut; let, let, let and shut, shut, shut .

IDENT
You’re listening to bbclearningenglish.com

Catherine And we’re talking about three different groups of irregular verbs. In one group, the verb is the same in all three forms, like put , put , put .

Finn In another group the verb is the same in two of its forms, like say, said, said .

Catherine …and in the third, and biggest group, all three forms are different, like take, took, taken .

Finn And now, it’s quiz time! Question one. What are the three forms of the verb shut - as in shut the door ?

Catherine And the answer is shut, shut, shut.

Finn That’s right. Number two. What are the three forms of the verb find - as in find some money ?

Catherine And the answer is find, found, found .

Finn And number three: Which of these verbs is different in all three forms: a) have , b) choose or c) let ?

Catherine And the answer is b) choose, chose, chosen. The others are a) have, had, had and c) is let, let, let .

Finn
And that’s the end of the quiz, quiz, quiz. Well done if you got them right.

Catherine
And now, today’s top tip, tip, tip for learning vocabulary: most good grammar books and websites have verb tables. So find a good one, print it if you can, and check it regularly. Use a highlighter pen to mark the verbs that you find tricky or that you really need to know.

Finn There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both
Bye!

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