-ing and -ed adjectives

دوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 6

لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه

60 اپیزود

-ing and -ed adjectives

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Theyre easy to confuse - so when should we use them? Finn and Catherine explain in this weeks 6 Minute Vocabulary.

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Finn Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Finn…

Catherine And I’m Catherine. In today’s programme we’re going to look at i-n-g and e-d adjectives.

Finn So if you’re interested in vocabulary, but you find some adjectives confusing , keep listening…

Catherine Yes, keep listening, and it’s on with the show! I must say Finn, you’re looking very relaxed today.

Finn That’s because I was on holiday last week. It was very relaxing . Speaking of holidays, here are two people who had a bad time on holiday. What went wrong?

INSERT Man The train was horrible. Big gangs of teenagers playing music on their phones - I got very annoyed .

Woman The flight was delayed and we had ten really boring hours in the airport with nothing to do.


Catherine Not much fun, eh? So, the man was annoyed , or angry, about teenagers playing music. And the woman had a long and boring wait in the airport.

Finn So let’s have a closer look. Here’s the woman again.


Woman The flight was delayed and we had ten really boring hours in the airport with nothing to do.

Finn Now adjectives ending with i-n-g, like boring, usually describe things or events that make us have a particular feeling.

Catherine That’s right, and in the example, boring describes all those hours and hours in the airport. Ten long, boring hours. Sound familiar Finn?

Finn That sounds very familiar, yes.

Catherine And there are lots of i-n-g adjectives we can use to describe things or events. We can talk about a confusing problem, a surprising piece of news or an exciting film with lots of action. Finn, what ‘s the most exciting film you have ever seen?

So many exciting films. But the first one I can think of is Gravity. In space. Very exciting. Ok Catherine, what is your idea of a relaxing holiday?

Catherine I do like to be beside the seaside, Finn. Now let’s look at e-d adjectives. We’re going to hear from a woman who got a very cheap holiday. What e-d adjective does she use?

INSERT We got a great deal. I was surprised at how cheap it was.

Catherine We use e-d adjectives to say how we feel about something. In our example, the adjective surprised describes how the woman feels about the price.

REPEAT INSERT We got a great deal. I was surprised at how cheap it was.

Catherine She didn’t expect it to be so cheap!

Finn That’s right. If I say: I get annoyed by loud music , the word annoyed describes my feelings about the music. The music is annoying , and I feel annoyed .

Catherine And if I say: long lectures make me bored, the word bored describes my feelings about the lecture. The lecture is boring , and I feel bored . So, Finn, what makes you bored ?

Finn I never feel bored.

Catherine Yes, you do.

Finn Ok, when I’m travelling to work. A long commute is very boring and it makes me feel bored .

Catherine Me too. And a word of warning here: don’t confuse bored and boring - because if you say I ‘m very boring , you’re actually saying that you make other people feel bored !

Finn And you don’t want that.

IDENT You’re listening to BBC Learning English.

Finn And it’s time for a quiz. Listen to these sentences and choose whether they need an i-n-g or e-d adjective. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number one: ‘I enjoy taking long hot baths. They make me feel really…’ a) relaxed or b) relaxing?

Catherine Now Finn, you’re describing your feeling, so it’s a) relaxed.

Finn That’s right: they make me relaxed. Number two: ‘The discovery of life on Mars would be …’ a) surprised or b) surprising ?

Catherine We’re talking about a discovery, which is a thing, so it’s b) surprising .

Finn And the last one: ‘Those students are very …’ a) annoying or b) annoyed ?

Catherine And this one is a trick question, because both of them are possible: Those students are very annoying is correct if we are describing the students .But Those students are very annoyed is what we say if we are talking about the students ‘ feelings .

Finn That’s right, both are possible. And that brings us almost to the end of the show. But before we go, here’s today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: i-n-g and e-d adjectives are easy to confuse, so write down pairs of example sentences in your notebook.

Catherine Very good. And remember there’s more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both Bye!

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