Chunks of language

دوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 4

لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه

60 اپیزود

Chunks of language

توضیح مختصر

In this session, youve seen folding bike and Oyster card \- we can think of these as chunks of language because their exact meaning depends on all their words.

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Finn Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Finn…

Alice And I’m Alice. In today’s show we’re going to look chunks of language.

Finn Yes, and by chunks of language we mean groups of words that naturally go together. And we’re going to do that by listening to Kirsten, a student from Germany, talking about her typical morning.

Alice We’ll look closely at the chunks of language Kirsten uses…

Finn We’ll have a quiz to see what we’ve learnt…

Alice And we’ll bring you a top tip for learning vocabulary.

Finn But before all that, we’re going to hear from Kirsten, who’s studying right here in London.

Alice She’s talking about her typical college day. Now, two questions for you to think about while you listen. First, why does Kirsten have to leave?

Finn And second, why do you think Kirsten’s English sounds a little bit unnatural?

Alice Let’s find out.

INSERT
My typical morning? Well, I never go out on an unfilled stomach , so before class, I usually have a complete English breakfast - I love it.Getting to class can take a big time because it is the rush period. But when I get to class it is a lot of enjoyment because my classmates come from all over the earth. Anyway, I must go into class right now, but I’ll be back in a period.

Alice So, why does she have to leave?

Finn She has to go to class. Well done if you got that. But why did Kirsten’s English sound a little bit unnatural?

Alice Well, we understood her, but she did make some unusual word choices.

Finn Yes. And that’s because she made some mistakes when she tried to use English fixed expressions, or chunks of language.

Alice Chunks are groups of words that naturally go together - they are fixed expressions and they can’t usually be changed. So instead of learning them word by word, we can think of them as one complete piece of language. Let’s look at some of Kirsten’s chunks.

Finn First she said she doesn’t like going out on an unfilled stomach. The normal way to say that you are doing something without eating first is to say you ‘re doing something on an empty stomach.

Alice Next she said she likes to eat a complete English breakfast. The usual way to describe eggs, bacon, sausage and tomato is a full English breakfast.

Finn Ooh, feeling a bit hungry now. Then she said that going to college takes a big time , but the chunk is to take a long time.

Alice And it takes a long time because it is the rush period - but the usual expression is the rush hour.

Finn Kirsten told us that class is a lot of enjoyment. But we usually say a lot of fun.

Alice It’s fun because Kirsten’s friends come from all over the earth - normally all over the world.

Finn And let’s listen to the last sentence again.

INSERT Anyway, I must go into class right now, but I’ll be back in a period.

Finn So she’ll return soon to talk more, but the usual way to say this is back in a bit. Or back in a minute.

Alice Great stuff. So, let’s listen to Kirsten again, this time with all the correct chunks of language.

INSERT My typical morning? Well, I never go out on an empty stomach , so before class, I usually have a full English breakfast - I love it. Getting to class can take a long time because it is the rush hour. But when I get to class it’s a lot of fun because my classmates come from all over the world. Anyway, I must go into class right now, but I’ll be back in a bit.

Finn Well done Kirsten. It sounded much more natural that time.

IDENT You’re listening to bbclearningenglish.com.

Alice So, now it’s time for a quiz. You have to finish the sentences with the correct chunk. Number 1. I want to learn Chinese, but I think it will … a) have a long time; b) take a great age; c) take a long time.

Finn The natural way to say it is: c) take a long time.

Alice Now number 2. People are learning English … a) all over the world; b) around the earth; c) throughout the planet.

Finn People are learning English: a) all over the world.

Alice Well done if you got that.

Finn That brings us almost to the end of today’s show.

Alice But before we go, here’s today’s top tip - instead of learning lists of vocabulary word by word, try picking up natural chunks of language that you hear people using. Learning these chunks will make your English sound much more natural.

Finn Great advice. There’s more about this at BBC learning English dot com. Please join us again for six-minute vocabulary.

Both Goodbye!

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