Silent letters

دوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 23

لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه

60 اپیزود

Silent letters

توضیح مختصر

What is the opposite of day? And what is the name of the chess piece in this picture?

  • زمان مطالعه 6 دقیقه
  • سطح ساده

دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»

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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»

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متن انگلیسی اپیزود

Catherine
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Catherine…

Rob
And I’m Rob. In today’s show we’re going to look at a very important part of spoken and written vocabulary: silent letters.

Catherine
Silent letters. We’ll look at what they are, where they appear and how to say them…

Rob
There’ll be a quiz…

Catherine
And we’ll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

Rob
But first, let’s listen to Nick. He’s at the doctor’s, and it’s not good news.

Catherine
No, it’s not. While you listen, try and answer this question: what treatment does the doctor suggest for Nick?

INSERT

Doctor Take a seat. What seems to be the problem?

Nick It’s my wrist - it really hurts!

Doctor Let’s see if we can work out what’s wrong. Do you have pain anywhere else? What about your elbows and knees?

Nick No. They’re fine. But I can’t move my thumb and I don’t know why.

Doctor
Well. Have you done anything physically demanding recently?

Nick
I did play tennis yesterday…

Doctor
You’ve probably just got a pulled muscle then. You’ll just have to rest your wrist. No playing tennis for a while I’m afraid.

STING

Catherine So, we asked you: what treatment did the doctor suggest for Nick?

Rob
And the answer is: he told Nick to rest his wrist.

Catherine
He did: well done if you got that right. Now, wrist - that’s the bit of your body that joins your arm to your hand - is an example of the vocabulary area we’re looking at today - and that’s words with silent letters, Rob.

Rob
Yes: we spell this word wrist , w-r-i-s-t , but when we say it, we don’t pronounce the first letter /w/. Instead, we start with the sound from the second letter in the word, which is the letter r - pronounced /r/.

Catherine
Let’s listen to Nick again.

INSERT

Nick
It’s my wrist - it really hurts!

Catherine
So we don’t say w-rist : we say wrist . Wrist . Some other words that start with a silent w are …

Rob
Write: that’s w-r-i-t-e , like to write a letter, and wrong, w-r-o-n-g , meaning not correct. In fact, there’s a rule here, which is: we don’t usually pronounce the w in words that begin w-r . When did you last write a letter, Catherine?

Catherine
I wrote a letter on paper… I really don’t know Rob, to be honest, it’s all email for me now.

Rob That’s a good idea, with your handwriting.

Catherine Probably. Now, Nick said another word with a silent letter:

INSERT

Nick … but I can’t move my thumb and I don’t know why.

Rob
The word was know , meaning: to recognise and understand something, is spelt k-n-o-w but we don ‘t say the letter k . So it isn ‘t k-now but know .

Catherine
It’s know . So, another rule for you: we don ‘t normally say the k in words that begin k-n : like knee , the joint between your upper and lower leg, and knife , the tool we use to cut things. Knee and knife start with silent k .

Rob
Excellent. Now, Nick also said a word with a silent letter at the end.

Catherine
He did, it’s a part of the hand: you’ve got four fingers, and then the fifth one that sticks out the other way is your thumb ; that’s thumb spelt ­ t-h-u-m-b , but we don’t pronounce the final b . We don ‘t say thum-b - we say thumb . Thumb .

Rob
Some other words with a silent b at the end are …

Catherine
Climb , like to climb a ladder, and lamb , a baby sheep.

Rob Do you like lamb, Catherine?

Catherine
I do like lamb! I like lambs when they are alive, I have to say, I also quite like eating them.

IDENT
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.

Catherine
And it’s time for a quiz. Count the silent letters in these sentences. Number one. There’s something wrong with my wrist .

Rob
And the answer is two. Wrong and wrist both begin with a silent w .

Catherine
Good. Sentence number two. I don’t know why my thumb hurts.

Rob
And the answer is two again. Know starts with a silent k and thumb ends with a silent b.

Catherine
And the last one. No, I can’t climb up there because I ‘ve hurt my knee .

Rob
Well, climb has a silent b at the end, and knee starts with a silent k . But the word no at the beginning of the sentence is the opposite of yes, so it ‘s spelt n-o . So the answer is: there are two words with silent letters in this sentence.

Catherine
Well done if you got those right.

Rob
And that brings us almost to the end of today’s programme.

Catherine
Before we go, here’s today’s top tip for learning and recording vocabulary: when you learn a word, and you know it has a silent letter, mark the silent letter very clearly in your vocabulary notebook. That way you won’t forget how to say it.

Rob Thank you - I know what to do now! There’s more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both Bye!

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