Suffixes -ment, -ance, -enceدوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 44
Suffixes -ment, -ance, -ence
Words like excitement , performance and difference have suffixes that turn verbs and adjectives into nouns. Listen to Finn and Catherine talk about the suffixes -ment , -ence and -ance in this 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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متن انگلیسی اپیزود
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Catherine…
Finn And I’m Finn. Today we’re talking about suffixes.
Catherine A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word, which can tell you what kind of word it is. In today’s programme we’re looking at -ment, spelt m-e-n-t, -ance spelt a-n-c-e, and -ence, spelt e-n-c-e .
Finn The last two sound quite similar, don’t they?
Catherine They do.
-ance and -ence . But first, let ‘s hear from Tania. She loves to dance. She’s talking about her recent visit to the ballet.
Catherine That’s right. While you listen, think about this question: Did Tania enjoy the ballet in the end?
INSERT There was huge excitement in the audience. This was the Bolshoi ‘s only performance of Swan Lake in London. But at half past seven a man appeared and made an announcement . He thanked us for our patience and then said that the lead dancer was ill and couldn ‘t perform . In the silence that followed, you could feel everyone ‘s disappointment . But the replacement dancer was wonderful. She wasn’t too confident to start with, but her confidence grew and, in the end, the lead dancer ‘s absence didn ‘t lessen my enjoyment at all.
So we asked you: Did Tania enjoy the ballet in the end?
Finn And the answer was: Yes, she did. The lead dancer’s absence didn ‘t lessen her enjoyment.
Catherine And absence and enjoyment are two key words in this programme. The noun absence with the suffix -ence , spelt e-n-c-e, means someone or something not being there. It comes from the adjective absent .
Finn …and the noun enjoyment with the suffix -ment comes from the verb enjoy .
Catherine Let’s listen to a clip with more words with -ment and -ence, spelt e-n-c-e .
INSERT CLIP 1 In the silence that followed, you could feel everyone ‘s disappointment . But the replacement dancer was wonderful. She wasn’t too confident to start with, but her confidence grew.
Finn So we had two nouns with the suffix -ence ,spelt e-n-c-e : silence and confidence . The noun silence comes from the adjective silent ,meaning complete quiet.
Catherine …and the noun confidence , which comes from the adjective confident , means having belief in your own abilities.
Finn Notice that both adjectives end in the letter t , which changes to a letter c in the suffix - ence .
Catherine So silent becomes sil-ence …
Finn …and confident becomes confid-ence .
Catherine Other common adjectives ending in the letter t that add e-n-c-e are: independent and different …
Finn …which become independence and difference.
Catherine In the clip, we also heard two more words with the suffix -ment .
Finn Yes, we heard disappointment, which comes from the verb disappoint , meaning a feeling of being unhappy because you have been let down.
Catherine …and replacement , which comes from the verb replace and means a thing or person which takes the place of something or someone else.
Finn Now, let’s hear another clip. Listen out for two words with the suffixes -ance with an a and -ence with an e .
INSERT CLIP 2 There was huge excitement in the audience. This was the Bolshoi ‘s only performance of Swan Lake in London. But at half past seven a man appeared and made an announcement . He thanked us for our patience and then said that the lead dancer was ill and couldn ‘t perform.
Finn So we had the noun performance , spelt a-n-c-e at the end, which comes from the verb perform .
Catherine And we had patience , spelt e-n-c-e at the end, from the adjective patient .
Finn Did you spot the two words with the suffix - ment ? Excitement from the verb excite …
Catherine …and announcement from the verb announce .
BBC Learning English dot com.
Catherine Now, time for a quiz. And ready for number one? Is the word silence spelt a) s-i-l-e-n-c-e or b) s-i-l-a-n-c-e?
Finn It’s a) s-i-l-e-n-c-e.
Catherine Very good. Number two: What’s the noun that comes from the verb replace?
Finn It’s replacement.
Catherine And, number three: Complete this sentence: Maria lacks a) confident or b) confidence?
Finn It’s b) confidence. And that’s the end of the quiz. Well done if you got them all right.
And now, here’s today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: choose a word and then think of all the different forms of that word, so think of a noun, adjective and verb all with the same root.
Finn There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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