Binomialsدوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 5
Sick and tired is a phrase which means annoyed and bored. Phrases like this with two nouns joined by and are very common - and useful - in English. Theyre called binomials. You can see more examples of binomials in the Session Vocabulary box on the right.
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Finn Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary with me Finn…
Alice And me Alice. And today’s show is all about binomials.
Finn Or as some call them, binomials. Yes, those short and sweet phrases English speakers love to use in everyday English. We’ll look at what binomials are, what they mean and how to use them.
Alice There’ll be a cheap and cheerful quiz…
Finn And we’ll leave you with a quick and dirty tip for learning vocabulary.
Alice So: to start off, let’s listen to Charlie and his mum talking about football practice.
Finn Here’s a question to think about while you listen: what’s a good treatment for aches and pains?
Alice What’s good for aches and pains? Let’s find out.
INSERT Mum Hello, love. How was practice today?
Charlie Horrible. I hate football.
Mum Oh dear. Why’s that?
Charlie I’m sick and tired of being in goal. Look at these bruises - I’m black and blue.
Mum Let’s have a look…oh yes love, why don’t you jump in the bath? Warm water’s very good for aches and pains.
Finn So, that’s Charlie and his mum. And we asked you: what’s good for aches and pains?
Alice And Charlie’s mum says the answer is: a warm bath.
Finn That’s right. And the phrase aches and pains is our first binomial .
Alice Now binomials are short English phrases made of two words that go together - and the two words are often joined with and. Like aches and pains. Which means: general pains in the body, that usually aren ‘t serious.
Finn Ok: now it’s important to remember that binomials are always fixed: you can’t change anything about them. You can’t say pains and aches. You can ‘t say aches and hurts and you can ‘t say hurts and pains. So, Alice: Do you suffer from aches and pains?
Alice Sometimes Finn, when you’re around. Anyway, poor Charlie said he was black and blue. He ‘s talking about the bruises on his body he got from playing football.
Finn Black and blue? Must have been a tough game …?
Alice Yes, no wonder Charlie said he’s sick and tired of football.
Sick and tired. It means really fed up and bored with something. And remember, we can ‘t say tired and sick.
Alice We can’t say sick and bored either. What are you sick and tired of at the moment Finn?
Finn I’m sick and tired of commuting: travelling to work. It took me about an hour this morning.
Alice That’s a really long time.
Finn And another binomial: bit by bit - this time, the word in the middle is by instead of and.
IDENT You’re listening to bbclearningenglish.com.
Finn And we’re talking about binomials. And if you were listening carefully at the beginning of the show you might have noticed that we used a couple of binomials right at the start. Short and sweet was one of them - it means simple, quick and useful.
Alice Short and sweet or : quick and dirty. That’s another binomial with a similar meaning: quick and dirty means simple, short and basic.
Finn And another similar one is: cheap and cheerful.
Alice So, three binomials there you can use to describe something as quick, simple and basic.
Finn Now let’s hear today’s expressions again.
Alice Aches and pains.
Finn It describes body pains that aren’t serious.
Alice Sick and tired.
Finn Fed up, bored and angry.
Alice Bit by bit.
Finn To describe slow change. And to say something is simple, short and basic we had three binomials:
Alice Short and sweet; quick and dirty; cheap and cheerful.
Finn Thank you Alice: And now it’s quiz time. Number 1. Choose the correct answer: I ‘m learning French. It’s difficult, but I’m getting better a) bit by bit b) bit by little c) bit and bit.
Alice And the answer is: a) bit by bit.
Finn Number 2. Sarah fell over and hit her eye yesterday. Today it ‘s a) blue and black b) black and blue c) black and white.
Alice And the answer is: b) black and blue.
Finn Ouch. And finally, number 3. At only one minute long, the presentation was a) sweet and short b) cheerful and cheap or c) quick and dirty.
Alice And the answer is: c) quick and dirty.
Finn And that brings us almost to the end of the programme.
Alice But before we go, here’s a cheap and cheerful tip for remembering vocabulary: play games. Making and playing a simple card game where you match up the beginning and ends of binomials will really help you to remember them.
Finn That’s right. And there’s more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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