Large numbersدوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 55
Is the population where you live in the hundreds, the thousands, the tens of thousands or the millions? Callum and Finn explain how to say large numbers in 6 Minute Vocabulary
- زمان مطالعه 6 دقیقه
- سطح ساده
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متن انگلیسی اپیزود
Callum Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary with me Callum.
Finn And me Finn. Today we’re talking about large numbers.
Callum Particularly how we say and describe them in English. Here’s Anita, who’s giving a talk to a tour group visiting Russia.
Finn Listen out for the answer to this question: How many metres high is Mount Elbrus?
INSERT Anita Russia is a land of superlatives! At over 6,500,000 square miles, it’s the largest country in the world. And the total area of cultivated land has been estimated as a six-figure number : perhaps 500,000 square miles. Its mountain ranges contain Mount Elbrus, which at 5,642 metres is the highest point in both Russia and Europe. Of its rivers, which are in the hundreds of thousands , the River Volga, the longest river in Europe, is the most well known. And what about the people? Well, here’s an interesting fact: the number of languages spoken in Russia is in triple figures - yes, over 100!
Callum So that was Anita. And we asked: How many metres high is Mount Elbrus?
Finn And the answer is five thousand, six hundred and forty-two metres high.
Callum Which is a good example of our topic today. When saying a large number, we always begin with the biggest number first. So thousands, then hundreds, then tens. Tens means numbers with two digits in them, like forty-two . Listen again.
Finn Five thousand, six hundred and forty-two .
Callum And the other point is, that the number labels are always singular. So five thousand and not five thousands.
Finn Six hundred and not six hundreds.
Callum Exactly. Now, notice that we don’t connect thousands and hundreds with the word and . It ‘s five thousand, six hundred .
Finn Not five thousand and six hundred.
Callum But we do connect hundreds and tens with the word and. So six hundred and forty-two. And I think it’s time for our first clip.
INSERT CLIP 1
Russia is a land of superlatives! At over 6,500,000 square miles, it’s the largest country in the world. And the total area of cultivated land has been estimated as a six-figure number : perhaps 500,000 square miles.
Finn So we heard six million, five hundred thousand . Notice that we don ‘t connect millions to thousands with the word and either, or in this case, millions to hundreds of thousands. We say it like this: six million, five hundred thousand .
Callum Now, how did Anita describe the figure 500,000 ?
Finn She described it as a six-figure number . Because it contains six digits. We could also say it ‘s a six-digit number .
Callum Yes, we sometimes describe a number in this way to emphasise how big it is. And it doesn’t have to be six. It could be a five-figure or a four-figure number .
Finn Now, on to clip 2.
INSERT CLIP 2 Of its rivers, which are in the hundreds of thousands , the River Volga, the longest river in Europe, is the most well known. And what about the people? Well, here’s an interesting fact: the number of languages spoken in Russia is in triple figures - yes, over 100!
Callum So how did Anita describe the number of rivers in Russia?
Finn She said they’re in the hundreds of thousands .
Callum When we want to describe approximately what a number is, we can say it’s in the tens, the hundreds, the thousands and so on. Hundreds of thousands means at least 100,000 and probably a lot more.
Finn So you could even say that a number is in the tens of millions .
Callum There was also an interesting fact there about the number of languages spoken in Russia.
Finn Anita said they’re in triple figures . That means that the number contains three figures - so at least 100. It’s the same as saying that the number is in the hundreds .
6 Minute Vocabulary from bbclearningenglish.com.
Callum And it’s quiz time! Number one: How do we say this number? 8-9-2-1 . That ‘s 8-9-2-1 .
Finn It’s eight thousand, nine hundred and twenty-one.
Well done! Number two: What kind of number is 300,000 ? Is it: a) a five-figure number b) a six-figure number c) a six-figures number?
It ‘s b) a six-figure number.
Callum. Correct! Number three: Listen to this number: 19,242 . Is it a) in the thousands b) in the tens of thousands c) in the hundreds of thousands?
Finn This one is b) In the tens of thousands.
Callum Excellent! How did you do? Very well done if you got them all right. There’s more on this topic at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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