Uncountable nounsدوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 33
What is more important in life knowledge , money or happiness ? And what do those three words have in common? Neil and Catherine take a look at uncountable nouns in 6 Minute Vocabulary.
- زمان مطالعه 6 دقیقه
- سطح خیلی سخت
دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
این اپیزود را میتوانید به بهترین شکل و با امکانات عالی در اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس» بخوانید
متن انگلیسی اپیزود
Neil Hello! Welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Neil.
Catherine And I’m Catherine. In this show we’re talking about uncountable nouns.
Neil Yes, we are. So that’s nouns that you can’t count, like water , money and research . We’ll show you plenty of examples…
Catherine …and we’ll also bring you a top tip for recognising uncountable nouns.
Neil But let’s start by listening to Colin. He’s a travel agent.
Catherine While you listen, think about this question: what might you need from your bank before you go abroad? Here’s Colin.
INSERT Colin It’s time to start planning your summer travel ! Do some research before you go. Are there good reviews of the accommodation ? How much baggage can you take and what’s the best way to take money abroad? Do you need to get some advice from your bank? Will the traffic be bad on the way to the airport?
Neil So that was Colin. We asked you: What might you need from your bank before you go abroad?
Catherine And the answer is: You might need some advice .
Neil That’s right: some advice . Advice means ideas and suggestions about what to do. Now, did you notice that advice is not plural? We never say advices in English because advice is an uncountable noun. You can’t make advice plural, like you can in some other languages.
Catherine And with uncountable nouns, we don’t use articles a or an . We say some advice , not an advice . Now listen out for three more uncountable nouns in this clip.
INSERT Colin It’s time to start planning your summer travel ! Do some research before you go. Are there good reviews of the accommodation ?
Catherine And the uncountable nouns in that clip were: travel, research and accommodation .
Neil And activities like travel, work and homework are usually uncountable.
Catherine Information words like research , information and advice are uncountable too.
Neil Yes, they’re not usually plural in English, but we can add the words a piece of to lots of uncountable nouns if we like. So we can say a piece of information or two pieces of advice.
Catherine That’s right. The other uncountable noun in that clip was accommodation . Accommodation means ‘places to live or spend the night’, like rooms, flats and houses.
Neil So accommodation describes the groups of places that you can stay like flats, houses, students halls of residence. And group words are often uncountable, so there’s no plural form. Fruit , food and weather are group words too. We don’t usually say fruits , foods and weathers .
That’s right. Now, let’s have another clip. Can you spot any more uncountable nouns?
INSERT CLIP 2 How much baggage can you take and what’s the best way to take money abroad? Will the traffic be bad on the way to the airport?
Catherine And we had baggage , money and traffic . In some languages these words are often plural…
Neil …but not in English. In English, they are all group words.
Catherine That’s right. So baggage means a group of bags…
Neil It’s money for coins or notes…
Catherine And traffic for cars, lorries, buses.
Neil And we’re talking about uncountable nouns. We’ve seen that some activity nouns are uncountable, and some group nouns are uncountable. Shall we now talk about more types of uncountable nouns, Catherine?
Catherine Go on then. So we’ve got liquids and gases. Water and air are uncountable.
Neil Yes, they are. Materials and substances like wood and salt are uncountable too.
Catherine Then there are words for feelings and ideas, so happiness and education …
Neil And also subjects like history and biology .
Catherine That’s right. But be careful with subjects like physics or economics .
Neil Yes, they end with the letter -s, so they look plural, but in fact they’re usually uncountable too.
Catherine So we use them with a singular verb, just like other uncountable nouns. Physics is complicated…
…and Economics isn’t easy.
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English
Catherine And it’s quiz time! Number one: Is the word furniture countable or uncountable?
Neil And the answer is - it’s uncountable. It’s a group word like baggage . It means things like tables and chairs.
Very good. And number two: is this sentence correct or wrong? Please can you give me some informations?
That is not correct. Information is uncountable so it’s some information without an - s , not some informations .
Catherine. Very good! And the last one: Which is correct: a) it was beautiful weather on Saturday. Or b) it was a beautiful weather on Saturday.
Neil The answer’s a) it was beautiful weather on Saturday.
Catherine And that’s the end of the quiz. Well done to you if you got them all right.
Neil But before we go, here’s a tip. When you see a noun, think carefully about whether it belongs to one of these types: activity words, information words or group words. If it does, then it’s probably uncountable.
Catherine There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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