In, at, on with time expressions

دوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 32

لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه

60 اپیزود

In, at, on with time expressions

توضیح مختصر

Neil is going to a wedding on Saturday , but Catherine likes to relax at the weekend . And whats Mike doing in the afternoon ?

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متن انگلیسی اپیزود

Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Neil…

Catherine
A very smart Neil - and I’m Catherine. Why are you wearing a suit, Neil? You’re looking very smart for work.

Neil Yes you’re right, I am wearing a suit because I’m going to a wedding at one o’clock !

Catherine Very good! I love weddings.

Neil I love weddings too. I’m going to another one on Saturday !

Catherine Fantastic Neil. And at and on are two of the words we ‘re discussing in today’s programme…

Neil Yes, because we’re talking about time expressions with in, on and at .

Catherine We’ll explain why we say at one o’clock but on Saturday.

Neil
Yes, and we’ll give you lots of examples.

Catherine
Let’s start by listening to Mike and Rob. They are trying to find a time to meet up.

Neil Think about this question while you listen: what time can Rob meet Mike?

INSERT

Mike How about lunch on Monday, Rob?

Rob Well… I’ve got a meeting at 11.30.

Mike
Ok, are you free on Tuesday ?

Rob
Hmm… the engineer’s coming at lunchtime . The washing machine’s flooded again! It happened at Easter , too.

Mike
Well, what are you doing in the afternoon?

Rob
Sorry - I’m playing football.

Mike
Ok - perhaps we could meet in the pub on Saturday evening?

Rob
We’ve got guests at the weekend. How about this afternoon at two thirty ?

Catherine
So, we asked you: What time can Rob meet Mike?

Neil
And the answer is: at two thirty.

Catherine When we say a particular time on the clock, we use at .

Neil So, we say at two thirty, at three o’clock.

Catherine We also use at in other time expressions. Listen out for them in this clip.

INSERT CLIP 1

Mike
How about lunch on Monday, Rob?

Rob
Well… I’ve got a meeting at 11.30.

Mike
Ok, are you free on Tuesday ?

Rob
Hmm… The engineer’s coming at lunchtime . The washing machine’s flooded again! It happened at Easter , too.

Catherine
So Rob had a meeting at 11.30. It’s at because it’s a time .

Neil That’s right. We also heard at lunchtime . We use at with particular points during the day, like mealtimes, so it’s at breakfast, at lunch, at dinner .

Catherine …and also we say at noon , at midnight .

Neil Now Rob said his washing machine flooded at Easter . We use at to talk about a special day or group of days. So, it ‘s at Easter, at New Year.

Catherine At Christmas. So that’s at . Let ‘s look at on . We use on with days of the week. So: on Monday, on Tuesday .

Neil We also use on with specific dates: on the third of May, on June the 20th .

Catherine …and we use on with specific days: on Christmas Day, on Easter Sunday, on my birthday !

Neil That’s right. But remember it’s at Easter, at Christmas when we are referring to the general time period.

Catherine Let’s listen to another clip with more time expressions. Listen out for the time expression with in .

INSERT CLIP 2

Mike
What are you doing in the afternoon?

Rob
Sorry - I’m playing football.

Mike
Ok - perhaps we could meet in the pub on Saturday evening?

Rob
We’ve got guests at the weekend. How about this afternoon at two thirty?

Neil So we had in the afternoon . We use in with parts of the day, so it’s in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening.

Catherine But did you notice that it’s on Saturday evening. If we use a day of the week plus morning, afternoon or evening, we use on .

Neil We also use in with seasons, so it’s in spring, in the winter.

Catherine We use in with months and years, so it’s in June, in 1996.

Neil Notice also that Rob said at the weekend .

Catherine Rob speaks British English so he used at the weekend . Some other speakers will say on the weekend . It’s perfectly fine.

IDENT
6 Minute Vocabulary from the BBC.

Catherine
And we’re talking about time expressions with in, on and at .

Neil So, to recap, we use on with days of the week, dates and special days.

Catherine We use at with times and particular points in the day.

Neil British people say at the weekend.

Catherine And we also say at with festivals .

Neil We use in for seasons, months and years.

Catherine
And now for a quiz. Fill the gaps with in, on or at . Ready? Number one. What do you usually do [sfx: beep] the weekend?

Neil
And the answer is at .

Catherine
Good. Number two. Don’t be late! The film starts [sfx: beep] nine.

Neil
And the answer is at .

Catherine
And the last one. There are usually fireworks in London [sfx: beep] New Year’s Eve.

Neil And the answer is on . Well done if you got them all right.

Catherine Now for today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: Instead of learning individual new words, try learning small chunks of language like time phrases. They will be easier to learn and they make your English sound more natural.

Neil There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both
Bye!

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