Suffixes -ness & -ityدوره: لغات انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 46
Suffixes -ness & -ity
Is responsibility the key to happiness at work - or can it lead to illness ? Listen to Neil and Catherine talk about words with the suffixes -ness and -ity in this 6 Minute Vocabulary programme. Listen to more examples and have a go at our quiz!
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Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Neil…
And I’m Catherine. And it’s very good to see you back at work today, Neil.
Neil Thanks, it’s nice to be back. I hate being off sick.
Catherine We’ve missed you… we have missed you. And there has been a lot of sickness in the office this week, and sickness is one of the words that we’re looking at in today’s show.
Neil Yes. Today we’re talking about the suffixes -ness and -ity .
Catherine In the world of vocabulary, suffixes are two or three letters at the end of a word. They can tell you what type of word it is. The suffix -ness , spelt n-e-s-s , at the end of the word sickness tells you that the word is a noun, which comes from the adjective sick .
Neil In this programme we’ll give you lots more examples of words with the suffix -ness and also we’ll find about the suffix -ity , spelt i-t-y …
Catherine That’s right. And we’ll have a quiz…
Catherine …and we’ll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary. So let’s get started by hearing from Arjuna. And he’s talking about how he feels about being a nurse.
Neil While you listen, think about this question: How does Arjuna often feel at the end of the day?
INSERT Arjuna I have a lot of responsibility . Sometimes it’s upsetting, like telling someone there’s a possibility they have a serious illness . The hours are long and tiredness can be a problem at the end of the day. But the rewards are there too, like the happiness of a mother holding her newborn baby. And of course there are the cards and gifts - I’m always touched by the kindness and generosity of the patients.
So we asked you: How does Arjuna feel at the end of the day?
And the answer is: he feels tired. In fact, he says that ‘ tiredness can be a problem’.
Neil The word tiredness comes from the adjective tired . Nouns with the suffix - ness , spelt n-e-s-s , like tiredness , describe the feeling or state of the original adjective.
Catherine So tired - ness is the feeling of being tired.
Neil Exactly. Ill - ness is the state of being ill. Sick - ness , which we heard at the start of the programme, is the state of being sick .
Catherine Poor you, Neil. Let’s hear some more examples of this suffix.
INSERT Arjuna But the rewards are there too, like the happiness of a mother holding her newborn baby. And of course there are the cards and gifts - I’m always touched by the kindness and generosity of the patients.
Catherine So we had happiness …
Neil …from the adjective happy …
Catherine And kindness …
Neil …from the adjective kind .
Catherine In kindness , the suffix -ness makes a noun that is a quality. The suffix -ity , spelt i-t-y , which we heard in the word generosity there, also changes an adjective into a quality.
Neil Generosity comes from the adjective generous. It means: the willingness to give things.
Catherine And Arjuna thinks his patients are generous because they give the nurses cards and gifts. Let’s hear some more words with the suffix -ity .
INSERT Arjuna I have a lot of responsibility . Sometimes it’s upsetting, like telling someone there’s a possibility they have a serious illness .
Neil We had responsibility , which comes from the adjective responsible . It means: being in charge of someone or something, or making sure certain things happen.
Catherine We also heard possibility , which comes from the adjective possible and means that something might happen.
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.
Neil And we’re talking about the suffixes - ness and -ity , which change adjectives into nouns.
Catherine Great. Now it’s time for a quiz. Choose the correct word. Ready? Number one. Mr Smith will not be attending the meeting, due to a) illity b) illness c) ill.
Neil And the answer is b) illness .
Catherine Number two. To succeed in high-level management, you have to accept a lot of a) responsibleness b) responsity c) responsibility.
Neil And the answer is c) responsibility .
Catherine Number three. Listening to 6 Minute Vocabulary whilst drinking a glass of wine at the end of the day brings me a lot of a) happiness b) happity c) happinessity.
Neil And the answer is a) happiness , of course!
That’s right. And that’s the end of the quiz. Well done if you got them all right.
And now, here’s today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: when you come across a word that you don’t know, look to see if you can work out the root of the word - if there is a prefix or a suffix that you know, it will help you to understand the meaning.
Neil There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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