Too, very, enoughدوره: گرامر انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / اپیزود 19
Too, very, enough
This session has been all about expressing degree in English. Too, very, and enough are three key words we use for this. In 6 Minute Grammar, Rob and Catherine will help you understand how theyre used and what they mean.
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متن انگلیسی اپیزود
Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me, Catherine.
And me, Rob. Hello.
Catherine Today’s programme is all about describing things.
Rob That’s right. We’re going to explain how to use the words too and very with adjectives to describe things.
Catherine We are, and we’ll show you how to use the word enough with adjectives and nouns…
Rob …we’ll explain the difference between too much and too many …
Catherine And we’ll finish with a quiz - so listen carefully.
Rob And to help us with all our example sentences today we’re bringing you this episode of 6 Minute Grammar from a clothes shop.
Catherine Yes, we’re clothes shopping!
Rob We are, well, Catherine’s clothes shopping.
I’m going to a party. Rob, look, this blue dress - I love it - do you?
It’s not really my colour.
Catherine You’re not going to wear it Rob. Actually… it’s too big. Oooh - this one’s nice - what do you think Rob?
Rob It’s a bit short isn’t it.
Catherine Mmmm… It’s too small.
Rob Too big… too small. Catherine used the word too here with the adjectives big and small to say that that the dress is not right - it’s bigger or smaller than she wants or needs.
Catherine Right! Rob! Found one - red one, look. What do you think?
Rob I do like the colour. It suits you.
Catherine It is lovely but… it’s very expensive!
Rob Yes, [whistles] £150. I see what you mean… So, we use very with an adjective to make it stronger. The red dress is not just expensive - it’s very expensive .
Very, very expensive. But look! Green one, look at this green one, it’s cheaper - and it looks big enough. What do you think, Rob?
Rob It does suit you and it’s cheaper. Let’s take it before you change your mind… Do you have enough money?
Catherine Do I have enough money?! Are you serious? Yes, of course…
Rob Let’s see your purse then. So, the word enough with an adjective describes the right amount of something. So, the green dress is big enough - and long enough . We’ve found it! We’ve got the dress! Hooray!
Catherine Er Rob… Actually, I don’t have enough cash on me… and I’ve left my credit card in the office… I don’t suppose… would you mind…?
Rob What are you saying…? Okay okay… How much is it? …so we can also use enough before a noun to say that we have the right amount of something: so we can ask: Do you have enough money ? …and we can also use enough in the negative to say we have less of something than we need. Catherine doesn’t have enough cash.
Catherine Thank you Rob. You’re very generous.
Rob OK, time for a recap. We use too before an adjective:
Catherine The blue dress is too small .
Rob Very goes before an adjective…
Catherine The red dress is very expensive .
Rob Enough goes after an adjective…
Catherine This dress is big enough .
Rob And enough goes before a noun…
Catherine I don’t have enough money .
Rob Let’s go. I’ve done enough shopping for today.
Catherine OK, come on.
6 Minute Grammar, from BBC Learning English.
Rob Phew… We’re back in the studio. It’s just like magic isn’t it! And Catherine, you got the dress so, how was the party?
Catherine Well, it was great except… I ate too much food … and…
Catherine …there were too many people wearing my dress!
Rob Oh, that’s a pity. So this is too with much and many to talk about an amount or number of something that’s more or less than we want or need.
Catherine Yes, I ate more food than I needed.
Rob …and it’s a pity there were too many green dresses. So, for plural countable nouns like dresses , we use too many - too many dresses, too many people.
Catherine Yes, and for uncountable nouns like food and money , we use too much.
Rob …and Catherine ate too much food …
Catherine …and the red dress cost too much money .
It did, luckily. Now, be careful not to use very with strong adjectives. You cannot say the party was very fantastic…
Instead, say: the party was absolutely fantastic!
Rob But not for you! And now, it’s time for a quiz! Fill the gaps. Number one. I can’t hear you - there’s too [beep] noise.
Catherine And the answer is: I can’t hear you - there’s too much noise.
Rob Good. Number two. Hiro is only 13. He’s not old [beep] to drive yet.
Catherine Hiro is only 13. He’s not old enough to drive yet.
Rob And Number three. Those shoes don’t fit me. They are [beep] small.
Those shoes don’t fit me. They are too small.
Rob So, no more parties, then?
…Well actually Rob, there’s one coming up this weekend and… I saw a lovely pair of blue shoes, they’re not too expensive…
Rob You’ve got time to go and get your credit card for this one - I’m not paying! There’s more about this on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Grammar soon.
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