adverbs of frequencyدوره: گرامر انگلیسی در شش دقیقه / درس 4
adverbs of frequency
In this programme we join Finn, Sophie and Neil as they discuss all things relating to the topic of adverbs of frequency.
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Finn Hello everyone and welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me, Finn.
Sophie And me, Sophie. Hello.
Finn Today we’re talking about adverbs of frequency.
That’s right. Adverbs of frequency give us more information about a verb. They help us talk about how often we do something. We can use them to describe daily routines. Here’s Neil with our first example:
Neil I always drink coffee in the morning.
Finn Thanks Neil. From most frequent to least frequent, you can use always , followed by usually , and then sometimes , then rarely for things that don’t happen a lot and finally never for things you don’t do. What do you do before you go to bed, Sophie?
Sophie Well, I always brush my teeth before I go to bed – and I sometimes have a decaff cup of tea! Let’s have another example:
Neil I always take the bus to work.
Sophie So we can use always for repeated actions – things you do every day.
Now let’s look at word order.
Sophie Yes - adverbs of frequency usually go between the subject and the main verb. Tell us about something you do every day, Finn!
Finn Well, when I’m at work: I always have lunch with you! Now a question for you Sophie: What do you do after work?
Sophie I usually go to the gym after work - not every day – maybe three or four times a week. I often watch TV in the evenings and I sometimes read in bed.
Finn Well, believe it or not, I rarely watch TV – maybe just once a week, and I never drink coffee in the evening: it keeps me awake!
Now let’s talk about auxiliary verbs with adverbs of frequency. Neil.
Neil I can never remember Michael’s birthday.
So here we have the auxiliary verb can . Can shows ability and it goes between the subject I , and the adverb never . I can never remember Michael’s birthday. Let’s have another one:
Neil You should never look directly at the sun.
Sophie Good advice using the auxiliary should , again between the subject and the adverb: You should never look directly at the sun.
Finn Another useful auxiliary is might for possibility - like this:
Neil We might never see each other again.
Finn So we can use the auxiliary might if we aren’t certain about something- and it goes before the adverb. We might never see each other again.
Sophie The verb to be also goes before the adverb:
Neil Ali is always late for work.
Finn Right. Ali is always late for work. Is goes before the adverb always . Let’s have another example with to be please Neil:
Neil British weather is rarely good.
Ident You’re listening to BBC Learning English.
Finn Now for a note about negative adverbs never and rarely .
Sophie Yes: Remember, you can’t use negative adverbs in negative sentences. For example, you can’t say British weather isn’t never good because isn’t and never are both negative.
Finn That’s right. Instead, say British weather is never good , or perhaps British weather is rarely good.
Sophie Now for a quiz. I’ll give you an auxiliary and an adverb, and you have to make a sentence. Finn will give an example of a possible answer. First one: can and sometimes .
Finn You could say: I can sometimes catch the early bus if I wake up in time.
Sophie Right. Next: should and never .
Finn Ok. You should never drink coffee before you go to bed.
Sophie Yes, excellent advice. It can be difficult to sleep. Last one: to be and often .
Finn Ok, well often means nearly always , so… You are often late for lunch!
Sophie I know… sorry, Finn!
Finn I forgive you. Now for a pronunciation tip.
Sophie Yes. Some people say often like this: often . Y ou can hear the ‘t’ sound: often . Other people pronounce it with a silent ‘t’.
Finn Like this: often… often . Both ways are acceptable.
So that’s adverbs of frequency – always, usually, often or often, sometimes, rarely and never . They go before the main verb, after an auxiliary, and you can use them to talk about how regularly you do things.
Sophie Join us again for more 6 Minute Grammar.Head. H
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