The way we lookدوره: انگلیسی شش دقیقه ای / اپیزود 174
The way we look
How much does appearance really matter? Neil and Alice discuss fitness and New Year's resolutions
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Neil Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Neil…
Alice … and I’m Alice. Have you er… gained some weight, Neil? You’re not looking in great shape…
Neil I’m afraid so! My New Year’s resolution is to get in shape - or to get fit through physical exercise. I look fat, don’t I?
Alice Well… er… Did you overindulge during the Christmas holidays, Neil?
Neil I’m afraid I did, Alice. Overindulge means to have too much of something nice - like all that lovely Christmas food!
Alice Yes, lovely. Why do you think appearance is so important to us, Neil? Getting in shape is a very popular New Year’s resolution - that’s a decision to do or stop doing something at the beginning of the New Year.
Neil Good question. Well, I think we all judge people according to the way they look.
Alice The subject of today’s show is appearance or the way we look. Did you know Neil that better-looking people tend to be judged by others as more intelligent?
Neil That sounds unfair!
Alice I know. Well, show us you aren’t just a pretty face by getting today’s quiz question right. From a study done in the UK, which physical aspect of their appearance were men most likely to say was their favourite? Was it… a) their hair? b) their face? Or c) their height?
Neil OK, I’m going for a) hair. I like my hair.
Alice You have lovely hair, Neil.
Neil Thank you.
Alice And a lot of it.
Alice Anyway, we’ll find out later whether you’re right or not. Now, it’s not only people who make quick decisions about others based on the way they look. Some animals do this too. Peahens - that’s a female peacock - prefer male peacocks with lots of eyespots on their tail.
Neil Why’s that?
Alice Well, one theory is that a male peacock’s tail is a sign of his genes. Genes are part of the DNA in a cell that controls the physical development and behaviour of an animal. It takes lots of energy to grow a big tail, and to carry it around, so only the strongest, healthiest males can afford to do this.
Neil So what do men need in order to attract women, Alice?
Alice A deep voice and a square jaw, according to research.
Neil Well, let’s listen now to fashion historian Amber Butchart describing what men used to do to enhance - or improve - their physical appearance.
INSERT Amber Butchart, fashion historian and analyst Men quite often would wear corsets throughout [the] 18th Century even into the 19th Century. It was possibly concerned with displaying status and rank rather than what we now define as physical attractiveness but I think the two were very bound up together.
Alice This was Amber Butchart. A corset is a tight-fitting piece of underwear that squeezes you in and makes your waist look smaller.
Neil I didn’t know men used to wear corsets! That might make you talk in a high voice - and that wouldn’t be very attractive, would it?
Alice Well, no, Neil. It’s a very interesting look and sound for you… On a more serious note, Amber says that men weren’t wearing these uncomfortable garments - or clothes - just to look more physically attractive - they were also doing it to display their status and rank.
Neil Status means the professional or social position of a person in relation to others. And rank is another way of saying the same thing. Do you think we still dress to impress, Alice - or are things a bit freer than they were in the 18th Century? I’m a jeans and T-shirt man, as you know.
Alice Well yes, indeed, you don’t have to be suited and booted for our job - and that means smartly dressed. But I think the way we dress is still important. But for women, particularly, I think we dress nicely for ourselves - not for anybody else. Sometimes I put on make-up - not because I’m going out - but because it makes me feel good.
Neil You always look nice - with or without make-up, Alice.
Alice Thank you, Neil! That’s very nice. But let’s listen now to academic Philippa Dietrich from the University of the West of England, Bristol, talking about valuing ourselves for all our attributes - not just our appearance.
INSERT Philippa Dietrich, University of the West of England, Bristol This focus just on appearance - on looks - really sends people the ideas that their bodies are just objects to be looked at. Having a belief system or focussing on your values in life or other attributes or personality characteristics or interests or anything else that’s not to do with appearance is really important. Our bodies are not there to be looked that - they have functions.
Neil What Philippa Dietrich said makes sense to me. We need to focus on our inner beauty. What do you think, Alice?
Alice Well, I think you should stop posting selfies on social media then, Neil! Now here’s the answer to today’s quiz question. I asked: From a study done in the UK, which physical aspect of their appearance were men most likely to say was their favourite? Was it… a) their hair? b) their face? Or c) their height?
Neil And I said a) hair.
Alice And you were wrong I’m afraid, Neil! It’s c) height. A poll conducted by ComRes for BBC Radio found that when it comes to appearance, men were most likely to mention their height - 21% of them in fact said it was their favourite physical attribute whereas for women, 35% of them said their hair was their favourite thing.
Neil Well, forget about my hair, Alice - I’m tall too, OK, so… you can tell us the words we heard today, please?
Alice Here they are: get in shape overindulge New Year’s resolution appearance genes corset garments status rank suited and booted
Neil Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Happy New Year everyone and we hope you keep your New Year’s resolutions! Please join us again soon.
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