Old techدوره: انگلیسی شش دقیقه ای / درس 138
Did you ever own a Walkman or a record player? Alice and Neil discuss old tech and why the US Pentagon still uses floppy disks
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Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript.
Alice Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Alice…
Neil And I’m Neil.
Alice We’re talking about old technology today, Neil. Did you use to have any old tech, you know, a Walkman, back in the 1990s? Before music went digital?
Neil No. I didn’t have a Walkman… But I do have a record player.
Alice I know you like flared trousers, but I didn’t realize you were that retro. A record player , for those of you who don’t know, is a box with a turntable - or turning plate that you put your vinyl records on to play them.
Neil And retro means going back to styles and fashions from the past. Well, I love my record player. I have a large collection of vinyl records, as well as cassette tapes that I inherited from my parents …
Alice Vinyl is the plastic that records are made from. And cassette tapes came after records - which are these small plastic cases with audiotape on reels inside them. Well, I don’t understand your fondness for out-dated stuff, Neil.
Neil Don’t be so quick to dismiss old tech, Alice. There’s been a resurgence - or new rise in - record sales recently - here in the UK, and in the US. Some DJs have gone back to using them, and new record stores have opened to meet the demand for vinyl.
Neil Yes, really. In fact, I have a question for you, Alice: How many records were sold in the UK in 2014? Was it… a) 10,000? b) 100,000? Or c) 1 million?
Alice Well, I think it’s b) 100,000.
Neil We’ll find out if you’re right or wrong later in the show. For myself, I just think vinyl sounds nicer than digital - has a warmer quality.
Alice That sounds a bit technical, Neil! Don’t you think this retro trend has more to do with nostalgia for the past?
Neil Nostalgia means thinking about the past with a mixture of warm feelings and sadness. Well, yes, I think people who grew up with the old technology probably are nostalgic about it. Let’s listen to music journalist Jacqueline Springer talking about cassette tapes and what they mean to her.
INSERT Jacqueline Springer, music journalist They were audio love letters. They were ways in which you started to carve out your own identity so you know when Dan or I have interviewed people we talk about… we talk to musicians about their impressions and, you know, and their influences, and invariably it was siblings or parents. And you would raid those vinyl albums and you would self-select.
Neil Jacqueline Springer there. So she calls cassette tapes ‘audio love letters’ - because people often compiled - or put together - their own collection of songs on tapes and gave them to the boy or girl they liked.
Alice Jacqueline says they recorded songs from their parents’ record collections onto tape. And it seems that this process helped create their musical and social identity.
Neil Yes. I identified with The Rolling Stones, The Clash, and The Sex Pistols when I was a teen. How about your musical identity, Alice?
Alice Well, I was in love with all the boy bands from the 1990s - NSync, Westlife, Backstreet Boys, Take That.
Neil Unbelievable. I can see I need to make you some decent tapes of music from the 90s, Alice.
Alice I didn’t say I still like boy bands, Neil. I’m not nostalgic for my lost teenage years - unlike you.
Neil Old tech is everywhere. Did you know that the US nuclear weapons force still uses a computer system dating back to the 1970s with 8-inch floppy disks?
Alice Floppy disks? You mean those flexible plastic computer disks used for storing data magnetically. Well, I can’t believe the guys in The Pentagon are nostalgic about floppy disks.
Neil Well, a Pentagon spokesperson said it would be extremely expensive to update the system and it still works. They plan to do it by 2020 and save a lot of space for sure. You would need more than 130,000 8-inch floppy disks to store 32GB of information.
Alice Wow! This is the equivalent of an average memory stick!
Neil Yes. But there are more people out there keen on old tech. How do you think a DVD rental store survives in this era of online movie streaming? Let’s listen to Tara Judah, co-director of UK rental store 20th Century Flicks and find out.
INSERT Tara Judah, Co-director, 20 th Century Flicks We’ve survived because of the experience of coming into this store. Um… It’s a very human experience. It’s human interaction. People come here because they want to talk to somebody who’s really knowledgeable about film. They want to have a recommendation or a conversation about the films they just watch. You know, they really want to discuss those things.
Neil So it’s back to the idea of human contact - we like compiling lists of music and sharing them with our friends and loved ones. Sharing a playlist through iTunes or Spotify isn’t quite the same, though. We like talking people about the films we watch.
Alice You can always talk to me, Neil. Now how about giving me the answer to today’s quiz question?
Neil I asked: How many records were sold in the UK in 2014? Was it… a) 10,000 b) 100,000? Or c) 1 million?
Alice I said b) 100,000.
Neil And, Alice, you were in fact totally wrong! The answer is c). Vinyl is booming - in 2014, sales passed 1million albums in the UK for the first time since 1996. The format has been steadily increasing, thanks in part to the popularity of guitar bands, traditionally associated with records.
Alice Now let’s hear words we learned today. They are: record player turntable retro vinyl cassette tapes resurgence nostalgia compiled floppy disk
Neil Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Don’t forget to join us again soon!
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