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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»

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Hi there, guys! Welcome to the vocabulary part for lesson 37 of 504 Absolutely Essential Words. So, are you ready? Of course, you are! Let’s go!

The first word is “heir”. You don’t pronounce that ‘h’, right? It’s silent. Heir means person who has a right to someone’s property after that one dies; person who inherits anything. It’s a noun. Let’s see some examples. A) Though Mr Sloane is the heir to a gold mine, he lives like a miser. B) The monarch died before he could name an heir to the throne. C) It is essential* that we locate the rightful heir at once.

The second word for this lesson is “majestic”. Majestic means grand; noble; dignified; kingly. It’s an adjective. A) The lion is the most majestic creature of the jungle. B) In Greek mythology*, Mt Olympus was the majestic home of the gods. C) The graduates marched into the auditorium to the music of the majestic symphony. So, one more time, majestic means noble.

The third word for this lesson is “dwindle”. Dwindle means become smaller and smaller; shrink. It’s a verb. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) Our supply of unpolluted* water has dwindled. B) With no visible* signs of their ship, hopes for the men’s safety dwindled with each passing hour. C) After the furious tempest, the dwindling chances of finding the raft vanished entirely.

Our next one, “surplus”. Surplus means amount over and above what is needed; excess, extra. It’s both a noun, and an adjective. A) The bank keeps a large surplus of money in reserve. B) Surplus wheat, cotton, and soybeans are shipped abroad. C) No mortal ever considers* that he has a surplus of good things.

Our fifth word is “traitor”. Traitor means someone who betrays his or her country, a friend, duty, etc. It’s a noun, right? NOT an adjective! A) The patriot* sneered* when asked to stand on the same platform with the man who was accused of being a traitor. B) No villain* is worse than a traitor who betrays* his country. C) Do not call him a traitor unless you can verify* the charge.

The next word, “deliberate”, or “deliberate” as an adjective. Deliberate means to consider carefully; intended; done on purpose; slow and careful, as though allowing time to decide what to do. So, again, it’s both a verb, and an adjective. A) Rico’s excuse was a deliberate lie. B) My grandfather walks with deliberate steps. C) Judge Sirica deliberated for a week before making his decision known.

Our next one is “vandal”. Vandal means someone who willfully or ignorantly destroys or damages beautiful things. It’s a noun. A) Adolescent* vandals wrecked the cafeteria. B) The vandals deliberately* ripped the paintings from the wall. C) We could scarcely* believe the damage caused by the vandals.

The next word we have here, “drought”. Drought means a long period of dry weather; lack of rain; lack of water; dryness. It’s a noun. A) Because of the drought, some farmers began to migrate* to more fertile* regions. B) In time of drought, the crops become scorched. C) As the drought wore on, people began to grumble against those who had squandered water when it was more plentiful.

The next one, “abide”. Abide means to accept and follow out; remain faithful to; dwell; endure. It’s a verb, right? Let’s see the examples. A) The team decided unanimously* to abide by the captain’s ruling. B) Senator Ervin abided by his promise not to allow demonstrations in the committee room. C) My mother cannot abide dirt and vermin*.

The tenth word for this lesson, “unify”. Unify means to unite; make or form into one. It’s a verb. A) The novel* traces the developments that unified the family. B) After the Civil War our country became unified more strongly. C) It takes a great deal of training to unify all these recruits into an efficient fighting machine.

Now, our next one is “summit”. Summit means the highest point; top. We’re using it as a noun here. A) We estimated* the summit of the mountain to be twenty thousand feet. B) Do not underestimate* Ruth’s ambition to reach the summit of the acting profession. C) The summit meeting of world leaders diminished* the threat* of war.

And the last one, “heed”. Heed as a verb means to give careful attention to; take notice of; and as a noun it means a careful attention. A) I demand that you heed what I say. B) Florence pays no heed to what the signs say. C) Take heed and be on guard against those who try to deceive* you.

Alright, we’re finished with the vocabulary part. See you in the next part, Words in Use 1.

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