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Hi there, guys! Welcome to the vocabulary part for lesson 36 of 504 Absolutely Essential Words. Are you ready? Let’s get started.
The first one here is “prompt”. Prompt as an adjective means quick; on time; done at once; and as a verb it means to cause (someone) to do something; to remind (someone) of the words or actions needed. A) Be prompt in assembling* your baggage. B) Terry’s caution prompted him to ask many questions before he consented. C) Larry was confident he knew his lines well enough not to need any prompting.
The second word of this lesson is “hasty”. Can you guess the meaning? Hasty means quick; hurried; not well thought out. It’s an adjective. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) A hasty glance* convinced him that he was being followed. B) Rather than make a hasty decision, Mr Torres rejected* the offer. C) Myra apologized* for the hasty visit. One more time, hasty means quick; hurried.
The next one is “scorch”. Scorch means to burn slightly; dry up; criticize sharply. We’re using it as a verb here, but it is also a noun. A) The hot iron scorched the tablecloth. B) Farmers reported that their wheat was being scorched by the fierce* rays of the sun. C) Mr Regan gave the class a scorching lecture* on proper behavior in the cafeteria.
The next word is “tempest”. Tempest means a violent* storm with much wind; a violent disturbance. It’s a noun, obviously. Let’s see the examples. A) The tempest drove the ship on the rocks. B) Following the weather report of the approaching* tempest, we were prompted* to seek immediate shelter. C) When Mr Couche saw that a tempest was brewing over the issue, he hastily* called a meeting.
The fifth word is “soothe”. Soothe means to quiet; to calm; to comfort. It’s a verb, right? A) With an embrace*, the mother soothed the hurt child. B) Heat soothes some aches; cold soothes others. C) Rosalie’s nerves were soothed by the soft music. Again, it simply means to calm, to comfort.
The sixth one is “sympathetic”. Sympathetic means having or showing kind feelings toward others; approving; enjoying the same things and getting along well together. It’s an adjective, right? The noun would be sympathy. A) Judge Cruz was sympathetic to the lawyer’s plea* for mercy. B) Father was fortunately* sympathetic to my request to use the car on weekends. C) We were all sympathetic to Suzanne over her recent* misfortune*.
The next word is “redeem”. Redeem means to buy back; pay off; carry out; set free; make up for. It’s a verb. Let’s see some examples. A) The property on which money has been lent is redeemed when the loan is paid back. B) My family was relieved* to hear that the mortgage had been redeemed. C) Mr Franklin promptly* redeemed his promise to help us in time of need.
Next one, “resume”. You know this one. Resume means to begin again; go on; take again. A) Resume reading where we left off. B) Those standing may resume their seats. C) The violinist resumed playing after the intermission. Intermission simply means a pause or break.
Our next word here is “harmony”. Again, I’m pretty sure you all know its meaning. Harmony means a situation of getting on well together or going well together; a sweet or musical sound. It’s a noun. A) We hoped the incident would not disrupt* the harmony that existed between the brothers. B) I am sympathetic* to Warren because his plans are in harmony with mine. C) We responded* to the harmony of the song by humming along.
The tenth word of this lesson is “refrain”. Refrain simply means to hold back. It’s a verb. A) Refrain from making hasty* promises. B) Milo could not refrain from laughing at the jest. C) If you want to be heard, you must refrain from mumbling.
Now, our next one is “illegal”. Illegal means not lawful; against the law. It’s an adjective. A) It is illegal to reveal* the names of juvenile* delinquents. B) Bigamy is illegal in the United States. C) Mr Worthington’s illegal stock manipulations* led to his jail sentence. So, one more time, illegal means against the law.
And the last one, “narcotic”. Narcotic is a drug that produces drowsiness, sleep, dullness, or an insensible condition, and lessens pain by dulling the nerves. It’s both a noun, and an adjective. A) Opium is a powerful narcotic. B) We do not have adequate* knowledge of the narcotic properties of these substances. C) The doctor prescribed a narcotic medicine to soothe* the patient’s suffering.
Alright, the vocabulary part for lesson 36 is finished. See you in the next part, Words in Use 1.
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