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Hello, everyone! Welcome to the next lesson. Lesson 23 of 504 Absolutely Essential Words.

The first word for this lesson is “reptile”. Reptile means a cold blooded animal that creeps or crawls; snakes, lizards, turtles, alligators, and crocodiles. We’re using it as a noun here. A) The lizard is a reptile with a very slender* body. B) Reptiles are kept in the museum’s large hall. C) A crocodile is a reptile that is more nimble* in the water than out of it.

Our second word would be “rarely”. Rarely means seldom; not often. It’s an adverb. Let’s see some examples. A) You rarely hear adults raving* about a movie they just saw. B) People are rarely frank* with each other. C) I rarely attend the annual* meetings of our family circle.

The third word of this lesson is “forbid”. Forbid means to order someone not to do something; to make a rule against. It’s a verb. A) Spitting on the floor is forbidden in public places. B) The law forbids drunken drivers to handle their autos. C) I forbid you to enter the dense* jungle because of the peril* that awaits you there.

The next one is “logical”. Logical means reasonable; reasonably expected. It’s an adjective. A) It is logical to spend a minimum* on needless things. B) In order to keep your car running well, it is only logical that you lubricate* it regularly. C) I used a logical argument to persuade* Lester to leave. So, one more time, logical means reasonable.

The next one is “exhibit”. Exhibit means display; show. It’s both a noun and a verb. A) A million-dollar microscope* is now on exhibit at our school. B) The bride and groom exhibited their many expensive* gifts. C) Kim frequently* exhibited her vast knowledge* of baseball before complete strangers.

The next word we have here “proceed”. Proceed means to go on after having stopped; to move forward. It’s a verb. A) Only those with special cards can proceed into the pool area. B) When the actor was late, the show proceeded without him. C) The senator proceeded to denounce* those wholesalers* who would deprive* Americans of their quota* of beef. So, proceed, to move forward.

The next one is “precaution”. Precaution means measures taken beforehand; foresight. It’s a noun. A) Detectives used precaution before entering the bomb’s vicinity. B) We must take every precaution not to pollute the air. C) Before igniting* the fire, the hunters took unusual precaution.

The next word we have is “extract”. Extract as a verb means to pull out or draw out, usually with some effort. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) Dr Fogel extracted my tooth in an amateur* fashion. B) Chemists extracted the essential* vitamins from the grain. C) Spencer was ingenious* in extracting information from witnesses.

Let’s go for the next one, “prior”. Prior means coming before; earlier. It’s both a noun, and an adjective. A) Prior to choosing his life’s vocation*, Paul traveled to India. B) Myrna was unhappy prior to meeting her beau. C) President Obama had prior service as a senator. So, prior means coming before.

The next word is “embrace”. Embrace means to hug one another; a hug. It’s a verb, and a noun. A) After having been rivals* for years, the two men embraced. B) When Ellen’s spouse* approached, she slipped out of Doug’s embrace. C) The young girl was bewildered when the stranger embraced her.

And the next one, “valiant”. Valiant means brave; courageous. It’s an adjective. A) Robin Hood was valiant and faced his opponents* without fear. B) The valiant paratroopers led the invasion. C) Grandma Joad had the ability* to be valiant when the need arose.

And the last word for this lesson is “partial”. Partial means not complete; not total. It’s an adjective. Let’s see the examples. A) We made a partial listing of the urgently* needed supplies. B) Macy’s had a sale on a partial selection of its winter clothes. C) Using only a partial amount of his great speed, Jim surpassed* all the other runners.

Alright, we’re finished. Keep repeating each lesson for a week, at least! See you in the next part.

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