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Hi there, guys! Welcome to our last one. Here we have the vocabulary part for our last lesson, lesson 42 of 504 Absolutely Essential Words. You know what to do. Let’s go!

Now, the first word for this lesson is “maintain”. Maintain means to keep; keep up; carry on; uphold; support; declare to be true. It’s a verb, right? Let’s see the examples. A) Angelo maintained his hold on the jagged* rock though his fingers were becoming numb. B) The judge maintained his opinion that the verdict was fair. C) The pauper* was unable to maintain his family without the help of charity*.

The next word is “snub”. Snub as a verb means to treat coldly, scornfully, or with contempt; and as a noun it means cold treatment. A) Darryl later apologized* to Sally for snubbing her at the dance. B) Sandra was tormented* by the thought that she might be snubbed by her classmates. C) I considered* it a rude snub when I was not invited to the party.

Our third one is “endure”. Endure means to last; keep on; undergo; bear; stand. It’s a verb. A) How can you endure such disrespect? B) The valiant* officer endured serious burns on September 11th. C) Dr Hardy was confident* he could endure the hardships* of space travel.

So, our fourth word is “wrath”. Wrath means very great anger; rage. It’s a noun. A) Anticipating* Father’s wrath, we tried to give him the news slowly. B) There is no rage* like the wrath of an angry bear. C) After Ernie’s wrath subsided*, we were able to tell him what happened. One more time, wrath means extreme anger.

The next word we have is “expose”. Expose means to lay open; uncover; leave unprotected; show openly. It’s a verb. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) Soldiers in an open field are exposed to the enemy’s gunfire. B) Foolish actions expose a person to the sneers* of others. C) The article exposed the vital* document* as a forgery.

Our sixth word is “legend”. Legend means a story coming from the past, which many people have believed; what is written on a coin or below a picture. It’s a noun. A) Stories about King Arthur and his knights are popular* legends. B) Legend has exaggerated* the size of Paul Bunyan. C) The legend on the rare coin was scarcely* legible*.

The seventh word is “ponder”. Ponder means to consider carefully. As you can guess, it’s a verb. A) Not wishing to act hastily, the governor pondered the problem for days. B) After pondering the question, the board decided to grant the parole. C) The villagers, faced with a famine*, pondered their next move.

Now our next word is “resign”. Resign means to give up; yield; submit. Again, we have a verb here. A) Vito resigned his position as editor* of the school paper. B) Upon hearing the news of the defeat, the football coach promptly* resigned. C) Upon examining the injury, the chiropractor* told Jim he had better resign himself to a week in bed. One more time, resign means to yield; to give up.

The ninth word is “drastic”. Drastic means acting with force or violence. It’s an adjective. A) The police took drastic measures to end the crime wave. B) The most drastic changes in centuries have taken place during our lifetime. C) In the interests of justice*, drastic action must be taken.

Our tenth word is “wharf”. Wharf means platform built on the shore or out from the shore beside which ships can load or unload. It’s a noun. A) We watched the exhausted* laborers unloading the cargo on the wharf. B) The lawyer insisted* that his client* was never seen near the wharf where the crime had taken place. C) Waiting at the wharf for the supply ships to unload was a starving multitude* of people.

The next word is “amend”. Amend means to change for the better; to correct; to change. It’s a verb, right? Let’s see some examples. A) It is time you amended your ways. B) Each time they amended the plan, they made it worse. C) Rather than amend the club’s constitution again, let us discard* it and start afresh.

And the last word for this lesson is “ballot”. Ballot as a noun means piece of paper used in voting; the whole number of votes cast; the method of secret voting; and as a verb it means to vote or decide by using ballots. A) Clyde, confident* of victory, dropped his ballot into the box. B) After we counted the ballots a second time, Leo’s victory was confirmed. C) To avoid embarrassing the candidates, we ballot instead of showing hands.

Alright, we’re done with this one, too. Our vocabulary parts are finished. I hope you enjoyed it. See you in the next part, Words in Use 1.

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