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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
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متن انگلیسی درس
Hi there, guys! Welcome to the next lesson. Here we have the vocabulary part for lesson 38 of 504 Absolutely Essential Words. You know what to do. Let’s get started.
Our first word is “biography”. I know you know this one. Biography means the written story of a person’s life; the part of literature that consists of biographies. It’s a noun. A) Our teacher recommended* the biography of the architect* Frank Lloyd Wright. B) The reading of a biography gives a knowledge of people and events* that cannot always be obtained* from history books. C) The biography of Malcolm X is a popular* book in our school.
The second one is “drench”. Drench means wet thoroughly; soak. It’s a verb. Let’s see the examples. A) A heavy rain drenched the campus, and the students had to dry out their wet clothing. B) The drenching rains resumed after only one day of sunshine. C) His fraternity friends tried to drench him but he was too clever for them. So, again, it simply means to soak.
The third one, “swarm”. Swarm as a noun means group of insects flying or moving about together; crowd or great number; and as a verb it means to fly or move about in great numbers. A) As darkness approached, the swarms of children playing in the park dwindled to a handful. B) The mosquitoes swarmed out of the swamp. C) Our campus* swarmed with new students in September.
The fourth word for this lesson, “wobble”. Wobble means move unsteadily from side to side. It’s both a verb, and a noun. A) Little Perry thrust* his feet into the oversized shoes and wobbled over to the table. B) A baby wobbles when it begins to walk alone. C) Lacking experience on the high wire, the clown wobbled along until he reached the safety of the platform.
The fifth one, “tumult”. You know, I have no idea why this is an absolutely essential word… But, what can I say? Anyway, tumult means noise; uproar; violent* disturbance or disorder. It’s a noun, right? A) The sailors’ voices were too feeble* to be heard above the tumult of the storm B) There was such a tumult in the halls we concluded* an accident had occurred. C) The dreaded* cry of “Fire” caused a tumult in the theater.
The sixth word is “kneel”. Kneel means to go down on one’s knees; remain on the knees. It’s a verb. A) Myra knelt down to pull a weed from the drenched* flower bed. B) The condemned* man knelt before the monarch* and pleaded* for mercy. C) Kneeling over the still figure, the lifeguard tried to revive* him.
And the next word is “dejected”. Dejected means in low spirits; sad. It’s an adjective, right? A) His biography* related* that Edison was not dejected by failure. B) The defeated candidate* felt dejected and scowled* when asked for an interview. C) There is no reason to be dejected because we did not get any volunteers*.
Our next one, “obedient”. Obedient as you can guess, means doing what one is told; willing to obey. It’s an adjective. A) The obedient dog came when his master beckoned. B) Obedient to his father’s wishes, Guy did not explore any further. C) When parents make reasonable requests of them, the majority* of my friends are obedient.
Our next word is “recede”. Recede means to go back; move back; slope backward; withdraw. It’s a verb. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) As you ride past in a train, you have the unique* feeling that houses and trees are receding. B) Mr Ranford’s beard conceals* his receding chin. C) Always cautious*, Mr Camhi receded from his former opinion.
The tenth word for this lesson, “tyrant”. Tyrant means a cruel or unjust ruler; cruel master; absolute ruler. It’s a noun. A) Some tyrants of Greek cities were mild and fair rulers. B) The tyrant demanded loyalty* and obedience* from his subjects. C) Though Ella was a tyrant as director of the play, the whole cast was grateful* to her when the final curtain came down.
Now, the next word, “charity”. Charity means generous giving to the poor; institutions for helping the sick, the poor, or the helpless; kindness in judging people’s faults. Again, we have a noun here. Let’s see some examples. A) A free hospital is a noble charity. B) The entire community is the beneficiary* of Henry’s charity. C) The hired hand was too proud to accept help or charity.
And, the last one is “verdict”. Verdict means decision of a jury; judgment. It’s a noun. A) The jury returned a verdict of guilty for the traitor. B) We were cautioned not to base our verdict on prejudice. C) Baffled by the verdict, the prosecutor* felt that the evidence* had been ignored*.
Alright, done with the vocabulary part. See you in the next part.
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