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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
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متن انگلیسی درس
Hi there, guys! Welcome to the next lesson of 504 Absolutely Essential Words. You know what to do. Let’s get started.
The first word of this lesson is “candidate”. Candidate is a person who is proposed for some office or honor. It’s a noun, right? A) We can have a maximum* of four candidates for the office of president. B) Each candidate for mayor seemed confident* he would be victorious*. C) Derek Jeter is a candidate for baseball’s Hall of Fame.
Our second word is “precede”. Precede means to go before; come before; be higher in rank or importance. It’s a verb. Let’s take a look at the examples. A) Lyndon Johnson preceded Richard Nixon as president. B) In a gallant* gesture, Ronnie allowed Amanda’s name to precede his in the program listing. C) A prominent* speaker preceded the ceremony of the granting of the diplomas.
The third word of this lesson is “adolescent”. It means growing up to manhood or womanhood; youthful; a person from about 13 to 22 years of age. It’s both a noun, and an adjective. A) In his adolescent years, the candidate* claimed, he had undergone many hardships. B) There is a fiction abroad* that every adolescent is opposed to tradition. C) Our annual rock festival attracts thousands of adolescents.
The fourth word of this lesson would be “coeducational”. Coeducational means having to do with educating both sexes in the same school. A) There has been a massive* shift to coeducational schools. B) Coeducational institutions, once thought to have a disruptive* effect, have been found to be beneficial*. C) In choosing a college, Ned leans toward schools that are coeducational.
The next one, “radical”. Radical means going to the root; fundamental; extreme; person with extreme opinions. It’s an adjective, and a noun. A) The tendency* to be vicious* and cruel is a radical fault. B) We observe that the interest in radical views is beginning to subside. C) Because Richard was a radical, the Conservative Party would not accept him as a candidate.
The sixth word is “spontaneous”. It means of one’s own free will; natural; on the spur of the moment; without rehearsal. It’s an adjective, right? A) The vast* crowd burst into spontaneous cheering at the skillful play. B) Be cautious* with these oily rags because they can break out in spontaneous flame. C) William’s spontaneous resentment* at the mention of his sister was noted by the observant* teacher.
Our next word is “skim”. Skim means to remove from the top; move lightly (over); glide along; read hastily or carelessly. It’s a verb, and also a noun. Let’s see some examples. A) This soup will be more nourishing* if you skim off the fat. B) I caught a glimpse* of Mark and Marge skimming over the ice. C) Detective Corby, assigned to the homicide*, was skimming through the victim’s book of addresses.
The next word is “vaccinate”. Vaccinate, as you know, means inoculate with vaccine as a protection against smallpox and other diseases. It’s a verb. A) There has been a radical* decline in polio since doctors began to vaccinate children with the Salk vaccine. B) The general population* has accepted the need to vaccinate children against the once-dreaded* disease. C) Numerous* examples persist* of people who have neglected* to have their infants vaccinated.
Our next one is “untidy”. It’s really easy. Untidy means not neat; not in order. It’s an adjective. A) The bachelor’s* quarters* were most untidy. B) We must start a cleanup campaign to keep the campus* from being so untidy. C) Finding the house in such an untidy condition baffled* us. So, one more time, it simply means not tidy.
The next word we have here is “utensil”. Utensil means container or tool used for practical purposes. As you can guess, it’s a noun. A) Several utensils were untidily* tossed about the kitchen. B) Edward’s baggage* contained all the utensils he would need on the camping trip. C) Some people are so old-fashioned that they reject* the use of any modern utensil.
Our next word would be “sensitive”. I guess you’ve heard it before. Sensitive means receiving impressions readily; easily affected or influenced; easily hurt or offended. It’s an adjective. Let’s see the examples. A) The eye is sensitive to light. B) From the experiment we may conclude* that mercury in a thermometer is sensitive to changes in temperature. C) James is sensitive about his wretched* handwriting.
And, the last one for this lesson, “temperate”. Temperate means not very hot and not very cold; moderate. It’s an adjective. A) The United States is mostly in the North Temperate Zone B) All students received the appeal* to be temperate and not to jump to conclusions* in judging the new grading system. C) Mrs Rollins commended* her class for their temperate attitude when she announced the extra assignment.
Alright, the vocabulary part for lesson 34 is finished. See you in the next part, Words in Use 1.
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