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Vocabulary

Unit 17

Word list

bankrupt [ˈbæŋkrʌpt] adj. If someone is bankrupt, then they are unable to pay their debts.

The store had few customers and soon went bankrupt.

conform [kənˈfɔːrm] v. To conform to rules or laws is to obey them.

The new student had to conform to the school’s dress code.

employ [imˈplɔi]

v. To employ someone means to give work to them.

The bookstore employed two full-time clerks.

expel [iksˈpel] v. To expel someone means to force them to leave a place.

Since he would not follow the rules, the principal had to expel the student.

extension [iksˈtenʃən] n. An extension is a part added to something to give it more time or space.

My parents decided to add an extension to our house for the new baby.

forthcoming [fɔːrθˈkʌmiŋ] adj. If something is forthcoming, then it is about to happen in the future.

Some economists predicted that the forthcoming world economy would be severe.

furnish [ˈfəːrniʃ] v. To furnish means to put furniture in a house or room.

Most homes are furnished with tables, chairs, and beds.

hygiene [ˈhaidʒiːn] n. Hygiene is the conditions or methods needed for health and cleanliness.

People who brush their teeth at least twice a day are practicing good hygiene.

hygienic [haiˈdʒinik] adj. If something is hygienic, then it is clean and unlikely to cause disease.

My sister works very hard to keep her entire home as hygienic as possible.

landlord [ˈlændlɔːrd] n. A landlord is a man who rents property to a person.

The landlord collected everyone’s rent money on the first day of every month.

lease [liːs] v. To lease means to rent property, usually an apartment or land.

When the family first leased the apartment, the rent was very low.

mandatory [ˈmændətɔ:ri] adj. If something is mandatory, then it is required by law.

It’s mandatory that everyone be at least sixteen to drive a car in the US.

mend [mend] v. To mend something means to fix it when it is broken or damaged.

Mother mended the rip in my pants with a piece of cloth.

mortgage [ˈmɔːrgidʒ] n. A mortgage is a loan for property, especially homes and businesses.

When they bought their new home, the married couple had to sign a mortgage.

personnel [ˌpəːrsəˈnel] n. Personnel are employees in a business.

When business increased, we had to hire more personnel.

plumbing [ˈplʌmiŋ] n. Plumbing is the system of pipes used in a home to supply water.

When the plumbing stopped working, no one was allowed to use the toilets.

quote

n. A quota is what someone has said including saying how much a piece of work will cost.

His writing was full of quotes from Shakespeare.

tenant [ˈtenənt] n. A tenant is a person who rents property from a landlord.

The new tenants moved into the house across the street.

utility [juːˈtiləti] n. A utility is a business that supplies services such as water or electricity.

If you don’t pay the utilities, you may have your electricity turned off.

whereby [hwɛə:rˈbai] conj. Whereby means by which or through which.

The mayor had a new bridge built whereby the citizens could cross the river.

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