نوزادان انسان و شامپانزه ها به یک شکل می خندند

دوره: شصت ثانیه با علم / درس: مجموعه ی هشتم / درس 2

شصت ثانیه با علم

10 درس | 200 درس

نوزادان انسان و شامپانزه ها به یک شکل می خندند

توضیح مختصر

انسان های بالغ فقط در هنگام بازدم می توانند بخندند، اما نوزادن و شامپانزه ها، هم در هنگام دم و هم بازدم می توانند بخندند.

  • زمان مطالعه 2 دقیقه
  • سطح خیلی سخت

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متن انگلیسی درس

Babies and Chimps Share a Laugh

A baby’s laugh is unmistakable: CLIP: baby laughter But aside from its squealing, high-pitched quality, there’s another factor that sets a baby’s laugh apart from ours: babies laugh on the exhale and on the inhale. Whereas adult humans “tend to laugh predominantly on the exhale. The classic kind of ‘ha ha ha.’” Disa Sauter, a psychologist who studies emotions at the University of Amsterdam.

Sauter and her colleagues collected 44 samples of babies laughing, from the ages of 3 months… CLIP: 3 months to 10 months…CLIP: 10 months all the way up to 18 months CLIP: 18 months.

They played the samples for about 100 untrained volunteers, and asked them to deconstruct the laughs. Were the babies laughing on the inhale, the exhale, or both? “And there we find a nice relationship between the age of the baby and the amount of the laughter happening on the inhale.”

The younger the baby, the more laughs on the inhale. Because remember, our laughs gravitate towards the exhale as we age. And Sauter thinks one reason for that could be that we gain more vocal control as we learn to talk: speaking also happens primarily on the exhale.

She presented the preliminary findings at a meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, in Victoria, Canada. Disa Sauter et al., How do babies laugh? The researchers are in the process of checking the judgments of the volunteers against those of professional phoneticians.

As it happens: human babies aren’t the only primates who laugh both breathing our and breathing in. CLIP: chimp Chimps do it, too.

“They laugh like ‘hoo hoo hoo.’ They laugh more continuously while inhaling and exhaling. It’s totally difficult to do on purpose.”

But Sauter, I thought, pulled off a pretty good impression. “I’ll take that as a compliment! laughs”

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