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دانلود اپلیکیشن «زبانشناس»
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متن انگلیسی درس
Superior Man Vocabulary Text
Hi, this is AJ Hoge. Welcome to the vocabulary lesson for “Superior Man.” Let’s start.
Our first word is intimate, intimate. In the first sentence, David Dieda says pick an area of your life, choose an area of your life. And he says perhaps your intimate relationships. So intimate, intimate relationship for example, intimate just means very close, very personal. So your intimate relationships are your closest relationships. Your husband or wife, boyfriend, girlfriend, mother, father, daughter, son, those kind of relationships. Maybe your very close, closest friends, so your intimate relationships, your very close relationships.
Sometimes if someone says your intimate relationship, no “s”, relationship, then they’re usually talking about someone you’re dating or you’re married to, so they’re talking about your husband or wife, boyfriend or girlfriend. So sometimes it’s used just to mean that kind of love relationship between a husband/wife boyfriend/girlfriend. But sometimes it’s a little more general and it just means your closest relationships. So if there’s an “s” there, intimate relationships, then we’re talking about the people who are closest to you.
Our next word is spiritual. He says perhaps you should think about your spiritual practice. Spiritual is similar to religious. It’s quite close to religious…spiritual, religious, very similar. The difference is that religious is organized, or religion is organized, right? So we’re talking about Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, those are religions. So if you’re practicing one of those specifically, you can say “Oh, I am religious. I am a religious person. I am a Buddhist, I am a very strong Buddhist. I am religious.”
But spiritual is really very personal. It’s not organized. You might say you have a belief about god or you have a belief about the universe or about life. But maybe it’s not Buddhism or Christianity or Islam, maybe it’s not a specific religion. It’s your own personal feeling. Your own personal experience, that’s spiritual. Spiritual. So spiritual is the direct experience, the direct feeling. Religion or religious refers to something organized. Okay, so your spiritual practice, it’s your practice or how you pray or meditate, for example.
Next, we see the phrase “earn a living.” He says are you currently doing something to earn a living that gives you passion. To earn a living means to make money. It really means to work, usually, it’s how you make money. So you can say “I earn a living by teaching English,” right? I make money by teaching English. It’s my job. It’s my career. Alright, so to earn a living means to make money or to work. So in this article, he talks
about earning a living. How do you earn a living? How do you make money? Does it excite you? Does it give you passion or are you kind of bored or are you afraid to do something better? Okay, so earn a living.
Next, he uses the word edge. He says your edge is where you stop. He says you have to go to your edge and go past your edge. An edge is a limit or a boundary. It’s a stopping point. Alright, so it’s a limit or a boundary, edge. So we have, here, he’s talking about an emotional edge, right? It means it’s where you stop because of fear. It’s your limit, your emotional limit. So maybe you have a good job but you’re afraid to start your own business. You want to start your own business but you’re afraid, right? That’s your limit. That’s your edge, your stopping point. He says you must go past the edge. You must go past the limit.
Our next word is compromise. He says do you compromise your fullest potential. Do you compromise your dream? Now compromise has different meanings. Some of them are very positive meanings, in fact. But here, this is kind of a negative meaning for compromise. Here this means to weaken, to make something weaker, to ruin it, to dishonor it. So if you compromise your dream, it means you make your dream weaker. So if your dream is to have your own business, your own company, but you don’t do it. You just work a really good job for someone else. You are compromising your dream. You are making your dream weaker. You’re killing your dream. So he’s saying, of course, don’t compromise your dream. Don’t weaken your dream. Don’t kill your dream. Don’t destroy your dream.
Next, we have the phrase “cater to.” He says do you cater to your fears. He’s asking you. Do you cater to your fears or do you push beyond your fears? Do you break your fears? Do you cater to them or do you go past them? To cater to something is to help it, to give help to it. It means to spoil it like you spoil a child, right? You have a little child and you give them candy and money all the time. What happens? The child becomes horrible, right? So it’s this idea. If you cater to your fear it means you give energy to your fear. You help your fear. You’re spoiling your fear like a child. It becomes stronger and stronger and stronger. So that’s to cater to, cater to, cater to something. If you cater to something, you’re helping it or you’re trying to help it. You’re giving it energy.
Okay, our next word is delude or deluded. Here we’re using it as a verb. He asks have you deluded yourself. Have you deluded yourself and said I am not afraid? Are you deluding yourself? To delude means to lie, to lie to. So if you delude yourself, it means you lie to yourself. You’re fooling yourself. You’re tricking yourself. So it’s this idea of tricking, fooling, lying to. To delude, to delude is to lie to, to trick, to fool…to delude, to delude.
Our next word is accompany, accompany. He asks are you afraid of the change that might accompany a change in career. Okay, to accompany means to go with, to join with, to appear with. So he’s saying are you afraid of the change in your life that will come with or go with the change in your career. They go together, right? If you change
your career then your life will also change. Your whole life will change. Those two changes go together. They accompany each other. They go with each other. So accompany means to go with, to happen at the same time, to be joined together with. Alright, so happen with, go with, accompany, accompany.
Alright, next is the phrase “approach their edge,” “approach your edge,” “approach the edge.” He says some men fear the feeling of fear that happens when they approach their edge. So he’s saying some men are afraid of fear. They’re afraid of fear itself. And they’re afraid of the fear that happens when they get close to their limit when they get close to their edge, right? If you’re comfortable, you’re relaxed doing the same thing every day, you won’t feel fear.
But if you approach your limit, if you try to go to your limit or past your limit doing something new, changing, that’s when the fear happens, that’s when it comes. When you approach your edge when you get near. To approach means to get near, right? To go near something, go towards it, get near it. So if you get near your limit, your current limit, if you get near your fear now, well that fear gets stronger, stronger, stronger. But, eventually you go past it, the fear disappears. But it’s when you’re getting close to changing, that’s when the fear happens. When you approach your edge.
Next is the word inspirational. He’s saying when you live your dreams you have inspirational energy. Inspirational, here, means creative, creative energy, inspirational energy. It means hopeful, hopeful energy, positive energy. So inspirational means positive, creative, hopeful…all those ideas together. It’s really all those things at the same time, inspirational. Inspirational energy. Inspirational energy, hopeful, creative, positive energy.
And finally, we have the phrase “hanging back.” He asks are you hanging back. Are you working hard but you’re not challenging yourself? Are you working hard but you’re not trying to live your biggest dream? Are you hanging back? To hang back means to wait. It means to delay. It means to hesitate. So to hang back is to hesitate. To hang back is to wait. So he’s saying “Are you waiting? Are you just waiting? Are you delaying and hesitating? Or are you really taking action? Are you really trying to live your dream? Are you taking action? Are you doing it or are you waiting? Are you hanging back?” Are you hanging back, waiting?
Okay, that is the end of the vocabulary for the Superior Man. Big smile. See you for the mini-story.